This book introduces the general principles of reaction equilibria and kinetics involved in marine geochemical cycles. The major electrolytes dramatically affect the rates and equilibria of the chemical reactions in the sea. In order to understand these interactions, it is necessary to have a detailed knowledge of the major, minor and trace chemical components. This volume is also focused on the development and applications of analytical techniques for accurate determination and speciation in seawater, and on the effect of pollution on the marine environment, since small quantities of other elements may have a significant influence on global chemical cycling. Audience: This book is of value for marine chemists, biogeochemists, ecologists, oceanographers, environmental engineers and analytical chemists.
Preface. Environmental Analytical Chemistry in Marine Science; E. Pelizzetti. The Effect of Ionic Interactions on Thermodynamic and Kinetic Processes in Natural Waters; F.J. Millero. Light and Chemically Driven Reactions and Equilibria in the Presence of Organic and Inorganic Colloids; C. Minero. Chemical Speciation of Some Classes of Low Molecular Weight Ligands in Seawater; A. De Robertis, et al. Computer Tools for the Speciation of Natural Fluids; C. De Stefano, et al. Metal Ions and Organometallic Compounds in Sea Water and in Sediments: Biogeochemical Cycles; P.J. Craig, D. Miller. Nutrients in the Sea; M. Ribera d'Alcalá, et al. Sampling Techniques for Sea Water and Sediments; G. Capodaglio. Trace and Ultratrace Metal Analysis: Matrix Removal and Sample Preconcentration; C. Sarzanini. Hyphenated Instrumental Methods for the Detection of Heavy Metals in Marine Environment; R. Frache. Analysis and Speciation of Organometallic Compounds in the Marine Environment - General Considerations; P.J. Craig, D. Miller. Chromatographic Analysis of Organic Micropollutants in Marine Environments; R. Fuoco, M.P. Colombini. Application of Mass Spectrometric Techniques to the Detection of Natural and Anthropogenic Substances in the Sea; M. Vincenti. Techniques of Extraction and Analytical Methods for Humic Substances in Sea Water and Sediments; B.M. Petronio. Certified Reference Materials for Chemical Analysis in Marine Ecosystems; R. Morabito, P. Quevauviller. Distribution Models of Pollutants in the Marine Environment; R. Cecchi, G. Ghermandi. Sewage and Nutrients in the Marine Environment: Stimulants for Good or Vectors for Harm? M.R. Preston. The Interface Air-Water: Oil Spills and Tropospheric Chemistry. Techniques and Remediation; E.Bolzacchini, et al. Interactions of Marine Biogeochemical Cycles and the Photodegradation of Dissolved Organic Carbon and Dissolved Organic Nitrogen; R.G. Zepp. Effects of Light on the Biological Availability of Trace Metals; B. Sulzberger. The Influence of Iron on Carbon Dioxide in Surface Seawater; F.J. Millero. Subject Index.