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Earth Sciences & Geography - Natural Hazards | Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol - From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System

Modelling Tropospheric Volcanic Aerosol

From Aerosol Microphysical Processes to Earth System Impacts

Series: Springer Theses

Schmidt, Anja

2013, XV, 145 p. 44 illus., 41 illus. in color.

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  • Outstanding Ph.D. thesis nominated for a Springer Theses Prize by the University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  • Innovative model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of volcanic emissions on aerosol microphysical properties
  • Comprehensive introductory material and explanations of specialist terms are presented to be accessible to a wide scientific audience
Anja Schmidt's thesis is a unique and comprehensive evaluation of the impacts of tropospheric volcanic aerosol on the atmosphere, climate, air quality and human health. Using a state-of-the-art global microphysics model, the thesis describes and quantifies the impact of volcanic sulphur emissions on global aerosol, clouds and the radiative forcing of climate. The advanced model enables the first ever estimate of the impact of the emissions on aerosol microphysical properties such as particle number concentrations and sizes, and therefore a considerably improved ability to quantify the climate and air quality effects.
There are several important discoveries in this thesis. Firstly, it is shown that continuously degassing volcanoes exert a major effect on global clouds and climate. Secondly, the impact of the 1783 Laki eruption in Iceland is re-examined to show that this long-lasting flood lava eruption would have had major effects on clouds and climate. Thirdly, by combining her research on volcanism, atmospheric science and epidemiology, she shows that a present-day Laki-like eruption would seriously affect European air quality and cause over 100,000 premature deaths in the first year.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Earth System Impacts - European Air Quality - Laki Volcano - Tropospheric Volcanic Aeosol - Volcanic Gases

Related subjects » Atmospheric Sciences - Earth System Sciences - Environmental Health & Public Health - Natural Hazards - Pollution and Remediation

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