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and Hydrogeology 1 INTRODUCTION TO HYDROGEOPHYSICS 12 SUSAN S. HUBBARD and YORAM RUBIN 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Earth Sciences Division, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA. sshubbard@lbl. gov 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA In this chapter, we discuss the need for improved hydrogeological characterization and monitoring approaches, and how that need has provided an impetus for the development of an area of research called hydrogeophysics. We briefly describe how this research area has evolved in recent years in response to the need to better understand and manage hydrological systems, provide discussions and tables designed to facilitate navigation through this book, and discuss the current state of the emerging discipline of hydrogeophysics. 1. 1 Evolution of Hydrogeophysics The shallow subsurface of the earth is an extremely important geological zone, one that yields much of our water resources, supports our agriculture and ecosystems, and influences our climate. This zone also serves as the repository for most of our municipal, industrial, and governmental wastes and contaminants, intentional or otherwise. Safe and effective management of our natural resources is a major societal challenge.
Background and Hydrogeology.
1. Introduction to Hydrogeophysics; Susan Hubbard and Yoram Rubin.
2. Hydrogeological Methods for Estimation of Spatial Variations in Hydraulic Conductivity; James J. Butler, Jr.
3. Geostatistics; J. Jaime Gómez-Hernández . Fundamentals of Environmental Geophysics.
4. Relationships between the Electrical and Hydrogeological Properties of Rocks and Soils; David P. Lesmes and Shmulik P. Friedman.
5. DC Resistivity and Induced Polarization Methods; Andrew Binley and Andreas Kemna.
6. Near Surface Controlled-Source Electromagnetic Induction; Mark E. Everett and Max A. Meju.
7. GPR Methods for Hydrogeological Studies; A. Peter Annan.
8. Shallow Seismic Methods; Don W. Steeples.
9. Relationships between Seismic and Hydrological Properties; Steven R. Pride.
10. Geophysical Well Logging; Miroslav Kobr, Stanislav Mareš, and Frederick Paillet.
11. Airborne Hydrogeophysics; Jeffrey G. Paine and Brian R.S. Minty. Hydrogeophysical Case Studies.
12. Hydrogeophysical Case Studies at the Regional Scale; Mark Goldman, Haim Gvirtzman, Max Meju, and Vladimir Shtivelman.
13. Hydrogeophysical Case Studies at the Local Scale: the Saturated Zone; David Hyndman and Jens Tronicke.
14. Hydrogeophysical Case Studies in the Vadose Zone; Jeffrey J. Daniels, Barry Allred, Andrew Binley, Douglas LaBrecque and David Alumbaugh.
15. Hydrogeophysical Methods at the Laboratory Scale; Ty P.A. Ferré, Andrew Binley, Jil Geller, Ed Hill, Tissa Illangasekare.
16. Emerging Technologies in Hydrogeophysics; Ugur Yaramanci, Andreas Kemna, and Harry Vereecken.
17. Stochastic Forward and Inverse Modeling: the ‘Hydrogeophysical Challenge’; Yoram Rubin and Susan Hubbard.
Distribution rights for India: CBS Publishers, New Delhi, India