Balassanian, Serguei, Cisternas, Armando, Melkumyan, Mikael (Eds.)
2000, XIV, 447 p.
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In 1998 Armenia was commemorating the tenth anniversary of the catastrophic Spitak earthquake. The Second International Conference on "Earthquake Hazard and Seismic Risk Reduction" sponsored by the Government of the Republic of Armenia and United Nation's International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (UN/IDNDR) was held in dedication to that event between 14-21 September (later referred to as Yerevan Conference). The Yerevan Conference has been organized by the National Survey for Seismic Protection (NSSP) of the Republic of Armenia. All level's decision-makers (from the ministers to the local authorities), politicians, scientists, leaders of the executive and legislative powers, psychologists, leading businessmen, representatives from the private sector and the media as well as from the International Organizations have been invited by the Armenian NSSP to take part in joint discussion of the Seismic Risk Reduction Problem for the first time in the history of such forums. Armenian NSSP's such initiative has been triggered by the experience of the Spitak earthquake and other disasters. They showed that it will be possible to reduce the risks, posed by the natural disaster, only through the common efforts of all the community in co-operation with the International institutions.
Preface. Acknowledgments. Part I: Disaster Reduction. Seismic Risk Reduction Strategy in the XXI Century; S. Balassanian. Building Local Capacity for Earthquake Loss Reduction; S. Mattingly. Disaster Assistance in Cold Weather Conditions: an Overview of Issues and Options; C. Kelly. Actual State of Technical Cooperation on Earthquake Disaster Prevention. Case Study: JICA Earthquake Disaster Prevention Project in Mexico; H. Kitajima. Radius Initiative for IDNDR a Practical Approach to Reduce Urban Seismic Risk; K. Okazaki. Urban Seismic Risk Mitigation in Asia: Examples From Radius Case Studies; R.K. Shaw, et al. The Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Management Project (KVERMP): Project Motivation and Description; A.M. Dixit, et al. The Role of the Subjective Factors in the Seismic Risk; A. Tarverdyan. Part II: Earthquake Hazard. Major and Great Earthquakes on the Himalayan Region: an Overview; H.K. Gupta. Seismicity of the Spitak Earthquake Source Zone Vicinity; R.E. Tatevossian, et al. Southern Javakhet Earthquake Swarm. Stress Tensor Orientation Derived from Focal Mechanism Data; A.K. Tovmasyan. The Digital Accelerograph Network in the Caucasus; P. Smit, et al. Implications of the Duration of Strong Ground Motion: (Observations from the U.S. Loma Prieta Earthquake of Oct. 17, 1989); M. Tiv. Seismicity and Cultural Monuments of Georgia; V. Zaalishvili, et al. Geomorphological Aspects of the Forming of Earthquake Intensity Effect in Highlands; V. Zaalishvili, S. Gogmachadze. On Estimation of Dominant Vibration Periods of Site; O. Kuranova, et al. A Major Neotectonic Structure Within the Arabia - Eurasia Collisional Orogen: the Ararat - Araks Conjugate Fault System and its Possible Impact on the Safety of the Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant;H.K. Mkrtchian. One Inequality of Elastokinetics and its Application in Seismology; G. Gabrichidze. Earthquake Prediction Research for Current Seismic Hazard Assessment in Armenia; S. Balassanian. The Stages of Earthquake Preparation: Laboratory Experiment and Field Study; G.A. Sobolev, et al. Earthquake Prediction: Pro and Contra; T. Chelidze. Method of Analysis of Geochemical Oscillations to Earthquake Prediction; A.A. Belyaev, V.A. Igumnov. Earthquake Prediction Research in China: Zhangbei Ms=6.2 Earthquake on January 10, 1998; D. Jianhai, et al. Intense Crustal Deformation Rates on Nissyros Island (Greece), Deduced from GPS Studies, May Foreshadow a Forthcoming Volcanic Event; E. Lagios. Tectonic Early Warning System Through Real-Time Radon (Rn) Monitoring: Preliminary Results of a Geophysical Method for Forecasting Earthquakes; E. Lagios, et al. The Results of Theoretical Researches of the Geodesic-Deformed Herald of Earthquakes; R.A. Movsessyan. Seismic Hazard Zonation in Eastern Europe; D. Lungu, et al. A New Seismic Hazard Map for the Implementation in the National Physical Planning of Iran; A.A. Moinfar, et al. Part III: Earthquake Engineering. Ten Years After the 1988 Spitak Earthquake: Reconstruction and New Lines of Earthquake Engineering Development in Armenia; M. Melkumyan. The Lessons of Armenia-Spitak, 1988, and Other Recent Earthquakes in View of Seismic Building Codes Improvement; J.M. Eisenberg. The Nature of Spitak Earthquake Occurred on December 7, 1988. Reinforcement and Repair Technology of Buildings and Constructions; T.G. Markarian, S.G. Shahinian. Some Structural Aspects of Buildings Destroyed in the Spitak Earthquake; E. Luz. Seismic Upgrading of Existing Stone-Mas