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Contains contributions to the International Year of Planet Earth
Includes contributions from top international experts
Covers both the scientific and the organizational perspectives
Covers both the physical and the social science perspectives
This volume, written by the Hazards Science Team of the International Year of Planet Earth, brings together some of the most influential international scientists dealing with Natural Hazards and society’s response to natural hazards. It recognises that hazards, like poverty, will always be with us but that concerted and organised societal response can prevent a hazard becoming a disaster. By bringing together geoscientists, social scientists and those concerned with the administration of international science and international disaster reduction, this book details the state-of-the-science as well as the state-of-the-response in natural hazards.
The contents of this volume fall into four parts:
Part 1 deals with the IYPE Hazards Theme and its relation to society, emphasising that implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action requires a strong emphasis on human societies, human security, and that this can be achieved only through appropriate communication. Part 2 focuses on the response of the international scientific community. Part 3 concentrates on geophysical risk and sustainability by considering climate and climate change as well as the theory and the praxis involved in hazards, their prevention and mitigation. Part 4 relates to the observation and assessment of geo-hazards and risk.
The IYPE Hazards Theme: Minimising Risk, Maximising Awareness.- The Hazards Theme of the International Year of Planet Earth.- Social Science Perspectives on Hazards and Vulnerability Science.- Focusing on the Environment and Human Security Nexus.- Communicating Geological Hazards: Educating, Training and Assisting Geoscientists in Communication Skills.- The Response of the International Scientific Community.- of a New International Research Program: Integrated Research on Disaster Risk - The Challenge of Natural and Human-Induced Environmental Hazards.- Building a University Network for Disaster Risk Reduction in sub-Saharan Africa.- Co-operation Plan on Hazards & Disasters Risk Reduction in Asia and the Pacific.- Geophysical Risk and Sustainability: Climate and Climate Change.- Closing the Gap Between Science and Practice to Reduce Human Losses in Hydro-Meteorological Disasters.- The Role of Geosciences in the Mitigation of Natural Disasters: Five Case Studies.- Geophysical Risk and Sustainability: Theory and Practice.- Seismic Hazard in India - Practical Aspects and Initiatives During IYPE.- Computational Geodynamics as a Component of Comprehensive Seismic Hazards Analysis.- Hazards in the Coastal Zones Related to Groundwater–Seawater Interaction Processes.- GeoHazards and Risks – Observation and Assessment.- Mega Tsunami of the World Oceans: Chevron Dune Formation, Micro-Ejecta, and Rapid Climate Change as the Evidence of Recent Oceanic Bolide Impacts.- Understanding Slow Deformation Before Dynamic Failure.- Landslides in Mountain Regions: Hazards, Resources and Information.