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Earth Sciences & Geography - Geophysics & Geodesy | Physical Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

Physical Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

Schanda, Erwin

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1986, IX, 187 pp. 102 figs., 14 tabs.

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  • About this textbook

Ten years ago the author, together with eight co-authors, edited a textbook Remote Sensing for Environmental Sciences within the series on Ecological Studies of Springer-Verlag. At that time there were not yet many books available on remote sensing. The decade that has elapsed was marked by a spectacular development in this field. This development took place in many directions: by widening the areas of application, by improvements of the methods and the sensors, by the introduction of new versatile platforms, but also by deepening the knowledge of the theoretical foundations. This evolution improved the ability to explain the interaction between electromagnetic radia­ tion and natural objects, which, in its turn, allowed for better modelization and for the creation of refined mathematical tools in the processing of remotely sensed data and in the determination of the physical status of remote objects. The community of research workers engaged in development and use of remote sensing methods changed accordingly from a modest group of scientists in the early 1970's to a considerable branch of specialized and interdisciplinary activity. The training of students had to be adapted to cope with the increasing number of people entering this new field and with the increasing quality of the material to be presented.

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » Dispersion - light scattering - polarization - remote sensing - transport

Related subjects » Geophysics & Geodesy - Optics & Lasers - Pollution and Remediation - Soil Science

Table of contents 

1 Some Basic Relations.- 1.1 Natural Parameters and Observables.- 1.2 Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves.- 1.3 Waves at Boundaries Between Different Media.- 2 Spectral Lines of Atmospheric Gases.- 2.1 Resonant Frequencies of Molecules.- 2.2 Widths of Spectral Lines.- 2.3 Applications to the Earth’s Atmosphere.- 3 Spectral Properties of Condensed Matter.- 3.1 Elementary Theory of Organic Dyes.- 3.2 Chlorophyll and Spectral Properties of Plants.- 3.3 Polarization of the Media and Dispersion of Radiation.- 4 Scattering of Radiation.- 4.1 Light Scattering by Molecules.- 4.2 Scattering of Radiation by Macroscopic Particles.- 4.3 Backscattering from Rough Surfaces.- 5 Transport of Radiation.- 5.1 The Equation of Radiative Transfer.- 5.2 Kirchhoff’s Law and Radiometry.- 5.3 Radiometric Observation of Atmospheric Parameters and the Inversion of Remotely Sensed Data.- References.

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