Original German edition published by Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum, 2000
2007, XII, 388p. 170 illus., 24 illus. in color.
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An interdisciplinary study that comprises (mining-) archaeological and scientific aspects
Focus on mineralogical and chemical slag investigations and on the role of trace elements and lead isotope abundance ratios in ores and metals
The book deals with the ancient exploitation and production of copper, exemplified by the mining district of Faynan, Jordan. It is an interdisciplinary study that comprises (mining-) archaeological and scientific aspects. The development of organizational patterns and technological improvements of mining and smelting through the ages (5th millennium BC to Roman Byzantine period), in a specific mining region, is discussed.
Principles of modern archaeometallurgy in the field and laboratory are explained. An important focus is on mineralogical and chemical slag investigations and on the role of trace elements and lead isotope abundance ratios in ores and metals. Provenance studies show the distribution of Faynan copper in the Southern Levant in the Early Bronze Age.
The author has led and been involved in major expeditions to Jordan, Oman and Georgia and has participated in many excavations.
Content Level »Professional/practitioner
Keywords »Archaeometallurgy - ancient slags - copper - metal supply - metallurgy - mining - mining activities
Problems and Methods of Archaeometallurgy.- Nature and Geology in Faynan.- The Raw Material Sources.- Field Evidence and Dating of Early Mining and Smelting in the Faynan District.- Study of Archaeometallurgical Slag and Metal.- Copper Smelting Technology.- Export of Ore and Copper: The Importance of Faynan in Prehistoric Palestine.- Summary.