Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2003, XXVI, 1134 p. In 2 volumes, not available separately.
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Focus on six structural factors: population growth, climate change, desertification, water scarcity, food security, urbanisation and pollution
Review of environmental degradation as a cause of conflict and of conflict prevention as a new task of security policy
Dialogue between academia and policy makers in international organisations as well as governmental and nongovernmental institutions
In this volume security specialists, peace researchers, environmental scholars, demographers as well as climate, desertification, water, food and urbanisation specialists from the Middle East and North Africa, Europe and North America review security and conflict prevention in the Mediterranean. They also analyse NATO’s Mediterranean security dialogue and offer conceptualisations on security and perceptions of security challenges as seen in North and South. The latter half of the book analyses environmental security and conflicts in the Mediterranean and environmental consequences of World War II, the Gulf War, the Balkan wars and the Middle East conflict. It also examines factors of global environmental change: population growth, climate change, desertification, water scarcity, food and urbanisation issues as well as natural disasters. Furthermore, it draws conceptual conclusions for a fourth phase of research on human and environmental security and peace as well as policy conclusions for cooperation and partnership in the Mediterranean in the 21st century.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Climate Change - Cold War - Conflict Prevention - Europe - NATO - Nation - Peace - Policy - conflict - cooperation - desertification - environment - food security - pollution - water scarcity
Impact of the Year 2001 on Multilateral Approaches to Armed Violence.- Jordanian Perception of Security Challenges in the Mediterranean.- Risks of Conflict: Population and Resource Pressures.- The Fall of Paradigms and the Challenge of Cultures Dialogue.- I Introduction: Security and Environment Linkages, Conflicts in the Mediterranean (1945–2001) and Conflict Prevention.- 1 Introduction: Security and Environment in the Mediterranean.- 2 Security and Environment Linkages on the Mediterranean Space: Three Phases of Research on Human and Environmental Security and Peace.- 3 Conflicts in and among Mediterranean Countries (1945–2001).- 4 Prevention of Violent Conflicts: A New Task for Security Policy — Lessons Learned from Successes and Failures for the Mediterranean.- II Security Dialogue and Concepts: NATO’s Mediterranean Security Dialogue and Security Concept of the European Union.- 5 NATO’s Agenda and the Mediterranean Dialogue.- 6 A Southern Perspective and Assessment of NATO’s Mediterranean Security Dialogue.- 7 A European Perspective and Assessment of NATO’s Mediterranean Security Dialogue.- 8 The Future of the NATO-Mediterranean Dialogue.- 9 The Security Concept of the European Union for the Mediterranean.- III Conceptualising Security in the Post-Cold War Period in the North.- 10 Worldviews and Mind-sets: American vs. European Perspectives on Mediterranean (Environmental) Security Policy.- 11 Globalisation, States, and Regionalisation: Analysing post-Cold War Security in the Mediterranean Region.- 12 National, Societal and Human Security: Discussion — Case Study of the Israel-Palestine Conflict.- 13 Economic and Financial Globalisation: Its Consequences for Security in the Early 21st Century.- 14 Military and Environmental Security: Revisiting the Concepts in the Euro-Mediterranean.- 15 From Cooperative Security to Security Partnership in the Mediterranean.- IV Conceptualising Security in the Post-Cold War Period in the South.- 16 Conceptualisations of Security: A Perspective from the Maghreb.- 17 Conceptualising Security by Arab Mashreq Countries.- 18 Security Conceptualisation in Turkey.- 19 Conceptualising Security in Israel.- V Security Challenges in the Euro-Mediterranean Region.- 20 Missile Defence Programmes and Debates in the United States — Threat Perception on the MENA Area: An Assessment and Proposal.- 21 Is there a Missile Threat for Europe? Justifications for a European Missile Defence in Europe and in the Mediterranean.- 22 Soft Security Challenges: Terrorism and Organised Crime — The Open Agenda.- 23 Migration as an International and Domestic Security Issue.- VI Conceptualising Environmental Security for the Mediterranean Region.- 24 Environmental Security: Conceptual Contestation and Empirical Relevance in the Mediterranean.- 25 The Political Ecology of Violence: Lessons for the Mediterranean.- 26 Environmental Conflict: Neomalthusians vs. Cornucopians.- VII Environmental Consequences of Wars in the Mediterranean (1940–2000).- 27 War Impacts on the Environment in the Mediterranean and Evolution of International Law.- 28 Landmines from External Powers in World War II at El-Alamein in Egypt.- 29 Environmental Dimension of the Gulf War of 1991.- 30 Environmental Post-Conflict Assessments: A New UN Tool Developed by UNEP.- 31 A Question of Priorities — Adverse Effects of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict on the Environment of the Region over the Last Decade.- 32 Activities of the Multilateral Environmental Working Group in the Middle East Peace Process.- VIII Population Growth and Climate Change in the Mediterranean.- 33 The Population of the Mediterranean Region During 1950–2000.- 34 Climate and Climate History of the Mediterranean Basin.- 35 Impacts of Climate Changes and Sea Level Rise on the Mediterranean Coastal Zone.- IX Desertification in the Mediterranean and MENA Region.- 36 Desertification: Global Degradation of Drylands.- 37 Assessing Desertification in the Middle East and North Africa: Policy Implications.- 38 Accelerated Desertification in the Deserts of Mauritania and China in the 20th Century.- 39 Population and Land-use Changes: Impacts on Desertification in Southern Europe and in the Maghreb.- X Water Scarcity in the Mediterranean and MENA Region.- 40 Water Security in the Mediterranean and the Middle East.- 41 Shared Groundwater Resource Management and Protection in the Mediterranean — A Joint Approach by United Nations Agencies.- 42 Water Accords in the Middle East Peace Process: Moving towards Cooperation?.- 43 The Euphrates Issue in Turkish-Syrian Relations.- 44 The Nile Basin Initiative: a Catalyst for Cooperation.- XI Food and Urbanisation in the Mediterranean and MENA Region.- 45 Population Growth and Food Security in the Countries of the Middle East and North Africa.- 46 Mediterranean Countries and World Markets: Basic Foods and Mediterranean Products.- 47 Implications of Declining Food Supplies: Food Security vs. Market Economy.- 48 Increasing Urbanisation and Pollution in the MENA Region: Causes of Conflicts?.- XII Outcome of Environmental Stress: From Natural Disasters to Disaster Prevention.- 49 Natural Disasters in the Mediterranean (1900–2001): From Disaster Response to Preparedness.- 50 Towards International Cooperation in Managing Forest Fire Disasters in the Mediterranean Region.- XIII Empirical and Theoretical Results and Conceptual Conclusions.- 51 Towards a Fourth Phase of Research on Human and Environmental Security and Peace: Conceptual Conclusions.- 52 Security Concepts for Cooperation in the Mediterranean: Conclusions and Outlook for the 21st Century.- Abbreviations.- Biographies of Contributors.- Collection STRADEMED.- Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace (HESP).