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Presents recent research on geographic information technologies (GIT)
The main types of technologies discussed in this volume are geographic information systems, remote sensing and global positioning systems
The goal is to provide GIT tools for more efficient ways to respond to, mitigate and prevent hazard and disaster events in urban settings
This book examines how Geographic Information Technologies (GIT) are being implemented to improve our understanding of a variety of hazard and disaster situations. The volume is a compilation of recent research using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS) and other technologies such as Global Positioning Systems (GPS) to examine urban hazard and disaster issues. The goal is to improve and advance the use of such technologies during four classic phases of hazard and disaster research: response, recovery, preparation and mitigation. The focus is on urban areas, broadly defined in order to encompass rapidly growing and densely populated areas.
The material presented is multidisciplinary, with contributions from scholars in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and North America, and is presented in five key sections:
sea level rise and flood analysis
earthquakes and tsunamis and international applications
metropolitan case studies
This volume contributes to our understanding of extreme events in urban environments with the use of GIT and expanding its role at the local, regional, state and federal levels. The book is a valuable reference for academic researchers and professionals and practitioners working in hazard management and mitigation.
Sea Level Rise and Flood Analysis.- Modeling Sea-Level Rise and Surge in Low-Lying Urban Areas Using Spatial Data, Geographic Information Systems, and Animation Methods.- Urban Expansion and Sea-Level Rise Related Flood Vulnerability for Mumbai (Bombay), India Using Remotely Sensed Data.- A GIS for Flood Risk Management in Flanders.- Using Geographic Information Science to Estimate Vulnerable Urban Populations for Flood Hazard and Risk Assessment in New York City.- Geo-Information Technology for Infrastructural Flood Risk Analysis in Unplanned Settlements: A Case Study of Informal Settlement Flood Risk in the Nyabugogo Flood Plain, Kigali City, Rwanda.- Metropolitan Case Studies.- A Respiratory Riskscape for Texas Cities: A Spatial Analysis of Air Pollution, Demographic Attributes and Deaths from 2000 Through 2004.- Spatial Distribution of Toxic Release Inventory Sites in Chicago Area: Is There Environmental Inequity?.- Risk and Exposure to Extreme Heat in Microclimates of Phoenix, AZ.- Wildfire Risk Analysis at the Wildland Urban Interface in Travis County, Texas.- Early Warning of Food Security Crises in Urban Areas: The Case of Harare, Zimbabwe, 2007.- Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and International Applications.- Spatial Information Technologies for Disaster Management in China.- A Cybercartographic Tool for Supporting Disaster Prevention Planning Processes and Emergency Management in Mexico City.- Integration of Tsunami Analysis Tools into a GIS Workspace – Research, Modeling, and Hazard Mitigation efforts Within NOAA’s Center for Tsunami Research.- Utilizing New Technologies in Managing Hazards and Disasters.- Hurricane Response/Recovery.- Remote Sensing and GIS Data/Information in the Emergency Response/Recovery Phase.- Investigating Recovery Patterns in Post Disaster Urban Settings: Utilizing Geospatial Technology to Understand Post-Hurricane Katrina Recovery in New Orleans, Louisiana.- Space and Time Changes in Neighborhood Recovery After a Disaster Using a Spatial Video Acquisition System.- Evacuation Studies.- Pre-evacuation Trip Behavior.- Micro-Level Emergency Response: 3D Geometric Network and an Agent-Based Model.- A Planning Support System for Terror-Resistant Urban Communities.