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Earth Sciences & Geography - Geochemistry | Atlas and Data of Solid-Solution Equilibria of Marine Evaporites

Atlas and Data of Solid-Solution Equilibria of Marine Evaporites

Usdowski, Eberhard, Martins, Lina

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998, IX, 316 pp. 132 figs., 3 1/2" Diskette.

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  • About this book

  • - based on all data published since 1933
  • - instructive diagrams based on a huge amount of weighted data
  • - computer programm on attached diskette which permits easy access to solubility data
The present volume provides an overview of the phase equilibria of marine evaporites and the solubilities of the alkaline and earth alkaline chlorides and sulfates which occur in salt deposits. The first part of the book explains how phase relations and their projections are derived from solubility data, how multicomponent systems are interrelated, and how numerical calculations with respect to precipitation and dissolution of solids are carried out. The second part describes the quinary seawater system and its pertinent 5 quaternary, 9 ternary, and 6 binary subsystems. The interrelation between the systems is illustrated by diagrams and tables. The attached computer program SALSYS allows easy and fast access to solubility data that are required by different fields.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Löslichkeiten - Meerwassersysteme - Phasengleichgewichte - Salzminerale - marine - marine Salzablagerungen - marine evaporites - phase equilibria - salt minerals - seawater system - solubilities

Related subjects » Agriculture - Forestry - Geochemistry - Geology - Oceanography

Table of contents 

I Introduction.- I.1 Purpose of the Volume.- I.2 Use of the Volume.- I.2.1 Derivation of Phase Diagrams from Solubility Data.- I.2.2 Data and Diagrams for Solid-Solution Equilibria.- I.2.3 The Computer Program SALSYS.- I.3 Handling of the Volume.- I.3.1 General Procedure.- I.3.2 Examples.- I.3.2.1 Binary Systems.- I.3.2.2 Ternary Systems.- I.3.2.3 Quaternary Systems.- I.3.2.4 The Quinary System.- I.4 Synopsis of Marine Evaporites and Solubility Data.- I.4.1 Salt Deposits.- I.4.2 Significance of Solubility Data.- I.4.3 Data Bases.- I.4.4 Individual Articles.- I.4.5 Comments.- I.4.5.1 Binary Systems.- I.4.5.2 Ternary Systems.- I.4.5.3 Quaternary Systems.- I.4.5.4 The Quinary System.- II Derivation of Phase Diagrams from Solubility Data.- II. 1 The Phase Rule.- II.2 The Binary System AX-H2O.- II.3 The Ternary System AX-BX-H2O.- II.3.1 Phase Diagrams.- II.3.2 Isothermal Evaporation and Dissolution.- II.3.3 Formation of a Compound.- II.4 Quaternary Systems.- II.4.1 Systems with a Common Ion.- II.4.2 Reciprocal Salt Pairs.- II.4.2.1 Phase Diagrams.- II.4.2.2 Concentrations.- II.4.2.3 Polytherms.- II.5 The Quinary System AX-BX-CX-AY-BY-CY-H2O.- II.5.1 Isotherms.- II.5.2 Concentrations.- II.5.3 Projections of Isotherms.- II.5.4 Polytherms.- II.6 Numerical Examples.- II.6.1 System 2.1 Na2Cl2-H2O.- II.6.1.1 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.1.2 Dissolution and Precipitation.- II.6.2 System 2.6 MgSO4-H2O.- II.6.2.1 Dissolution of Kieserite.- II.6.2.2 Precipitation of Hexahydrite.- II.6.3 System 3.1 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-H2O.- II.6.3.1 Projections.- II.6.3.2 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.3.3 Polythermal Precipitation of Sylvite.- II.6.4 System 3.3 K2Cl2-MgCl2-H2O.- II.6.4.1 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.4.2 Dissolution of Carnallite.- II.6.5 System 4.1 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-MgCl2-H2O.- II.6.5.1 Calculation of Ion Fractions from Concentrations.- II.6.6 System 4.2 Na2SO4-K2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- II.6.6.1 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.6.2 Dissolution of Glaserite and Picromerite.- II.6.7 System 4.3 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-Na2SO4-K2SO4-H2O.- II.6.7.1 Calculation of Ion Fractions from Concentrations.- II.6.7.2 Combinations of Concentrations.- II.6.7.3 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.8 System 4.4 Na2Cl2-MgCl2-Na2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- II.6.8.1 Isothermal Evaporation.- II.6.8.2 Generation of a Solution from Hydrated Solids.- II.6.9 System 5 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-MgCl2-Na2SO4-K2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- II.6.9.1 Calculation of Ion Fractions from Concentrations.- II.6.9.2 Crystallization and Transition Lines.- II.6.9.3 Evaporation of Solution W.- II.6.9.4 Evaporation of Solution M.- II.6.9.5 Incongruent Dissolution of Bloedite and Carnallite.- II.6.9.6 Generation of a Solution from Hydrated Solids.- III Data and Diagrams for Solid-Solution Equilibria.- III.1 Compositions and Concentrations.- III. 1.1 Minerals and Seawater.- III. 1.2 Concentration Units.- III.2 Binary Systems.- III.2.1 Na2Cl2-H2O.- III.2.2 K2Cl2-H2O.- III.2.3 MgCl2-H2O.- III.2.4 Na2SO4-H2O.- III.2.5 K2SO4-H2O.- III.2.6 MgSO4-H2O.- III.3 Ternary Systems.- III.3.1 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-H2O.- III.3.2 Na2Cl2-MgCl2-H2O.- III.3.3 K2Cl2-MgCl2-H2O.- III.3.4 Na2SO4-K2SO4-H2O.- III.3.5 Na2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- III.3.6 K2S04-MgSO4-H2O.- III.3.7 Na2Cl2-Na2SO4-H2O.- III.3.8 K2Cl2-K2SO4-H2O.- III.3.9 MgCl2-MgSO4-H2O.- III.4 Quaternary Systems.- III.4.1 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-MgCl2-H2O.- IIL4.2 Na2SO4-K2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- III.4.3 Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-Na2SO4-K2SO4-H2O.- III.4.4 Na2Cl2-MgCl2-Na2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- III.4.5 K2Cl2-MgCl2-K2SO4-MgSO4-H2O.- III.5 Quinary System Na2Cl2-K2Cl2-MgCl2-Na2SO4-K2SO4-MgS04-H2O.- IV Subject Index.

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