Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Earth Sciences & Geography - Environmental Science & Engineering | SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk

SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk

Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities

Pitilakis, K., Crowley, Helen, Kaynia, Amir (Eds.)

2014, XVII, 420 p. 171 illus., 72 illus. in color. With online files/update.

Available Formats:

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-94-007-7872-6

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF and EPUB

download immediately after purchase

learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items


Hardcover version

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.


(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-94-007-7871-9

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

add to marked items

  • Collection and review of fragility curves for buildings, lifelines, infrastructures, critical facilities
  • Typology/damage states for buildings, lifelines, infrastructures, critical facilities
  • Fragility function manager and fragility functions for all elements

Fragility functions constitute an emerging tool for the probabilistic seismic risk assessment of buildings, infrastructures and lifeline systems. The work presented in this book is a partial product of a European Union funded research project SYNER-G (FP7 Theme 6: Environment) where existing knowledge has been reviewed in order to extract the most appropriate fragility functions for the vulnerability analysis and loss estimation of the majority of structures and civil works exposed to earthquake hazard. Results of other relevant European projects and international initiatives are also incorporated in the book. In several cases new fragility and vulnerability functions have been developed in order to better represent the specific characteristics of European elements at risk. Several European and non-European institutes and Universities collaborated efficiently to capitalize upon existing knowledge. State-of-the-art methods are described, existing fragility curves are reviewed and, where necessary, new ones are proposed for buildings, lifelines, transportation infrastructures as well as for utilities and critical facilities. Taxonomy and typology definitions are synthesized and the treatment of related uncertainties is discussed.

A fragility function manager tool and fragility functions in electronic form are provided on extras.springer.com.


The book aims to be a standard reference on the fragility functions to be used for the seismic vulnerability and probabilistic risk assessment of the most important elements at risk. It is of particular interest to earthquake engineers, scientists and researchers working in the field of earthquake risk assessment, as well as the insurance industry, civil protection and emergency management agencies.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Buildings - Fragility Curves - Lifelines - Seismic Vulnerability and Risk - Uncertainties

Related subjects » Civil Engineering - Environmental Science & Engineering - Geophysics & Geodesy - Natural Hazards

Table of contents 


1 Introduction

Kyriazis Pitilakis, Helen Crowley and Amir M. Kaynia

2 Modeling and Propagation of Uncertainties

Paolo Emilio Pinto

3 Evaluation of Existing Fragility Curves

Tiziana Rossetto, Dina D’Ayala, Ioanna Ioannou and Abdelghani Meslem

4 Epistemic Uncertainty in Fragility Functions for European RC Buildings

Helen Crowley, Miriam Colombi and Vitor Silva

5  Fragility Functions of Masonry Buildings

Sergio Lagomarsino and Serena Cattari

6 Fragility Functions of Electric Power Stations

Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin and Paolo Emilio Pinto

7 Fragility Functions of Gas and Oil Networks

Pierre Gehl, Nicolas Desramaut, Arnaud Réveillère and Hormoz Modaressi

8 Fragility Functions of Water and Waste-Water Systems

Kalliopi Kakderi and Sotiris Argyroudis

9 Fragility Functions of Road and Railway Bridges

Georgios Tsionis and Michael N. Fardis

10 Fragility Functions of Highway and Railway Infrastructure

Sotiris Argyroudis and Amir M. Kaynia

11 Fragility Functions of Harbor Elements

Kalliopi Kakderi and Kyriazis Pitilakis

12 Component Fragilities and System Performance of Health Care Facilities

Alessio Lupoi, Francesco Cavalieri, Paolo Franchin

13 Fragility Function Manager Tool

Vitor Silva, Helen Crowley and Miriam Colombi

14 Recommendations for Future Directions in Fragility Function Research

Kyriazis Pitilakis and Helen Crowley


Popular Content within this publication 



Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Geotechnical Engineering & Applied Earth Sciences.