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Earth Sciences & Geography - Earth System Sciences | Pastoral practices in High Asia - Agency of 'development' effected by modernisation, resettlement

Pastoral practices in High Asia

Agency of 'development' effected by modernisation, resettlement and transformation

Kreutzmann, Hermann (Ed.)

2012, XVI, 352 p.

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  • Modern approaches to pastoral practices in Asia
  • Written by international experts in the field
  • Superbly illustrated

In conventional views, pastoralism was classified as a stage of civilization that needed to be abolished and transcended in order to reach a higher level of development. In this context, global approaches to modernize a rural society have been ubiquitous phenomena independent of ideological contexts. The 20th century experienced a variety of concepts to settle mobile groups and to transfer their lifestyles to modern perceptions. Permanent settlements are the vivid expression of an ideology-driven approach. Modernization theory captured all walks of life and tried to optimize breeding techniques, pasture utilization, transport and processing concepts.
New insights into other aspects of pastoralism such as its role as an adaptive strategy to use marginal resources in remote locations with difficult access could only be understood as a critique of capitalist and communist concepts of modernization. In recent years a renaissance of modernization theory-led development activities can be observed. Higher inputs from external funding, fencing of pastures and settlement of pastoralists in new townships are the vivid expression of 'modern' pastoralism in urban contexts. The new modernization programme incorporates resettlement and transformation of lifestyles as to be justified by environmental pressure in order to reduce degradation in the age of climate change.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Aridity - Asia - Climate change - Pastoralism - Resettlement - Rural

Related subjects » Agriculture - Earth System Sciences - Environmental Management

Table of contents 

Preface

List of acronyms and abbreviations

1. Pastoral practices in transition - animal husbandry in High Asian contexts

2. Herding on high grounds. Diversity and typology of pastoral systems in the Eastern Hindukush (Chitral, Northwest Pakistan)

3. Pastoralism, power and politics: access to pastures under conditions of tenure insecurity in Northern Afghanistan

4. Pastoral production strategies and market orientation of the Afghan Kirghiz

5. Livelihoods of the 'New Livestock Breeders' in the Eastern Pamirs of Tajikistan

6. Kirghiz in Kara Köl – the forces of modernisation in Xinjiang

7. Legal arrangements and pasture-related socio-ecological challenges in Kyrgyzstan

8. Conflicting strategies for contested resources: Pastoralists’ responses to uncertainty in postsocialist rural Kyrgyzstan

9. Pastoral people and shepherding practices in the Western Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh): A historical perspective

10. State policy and local performance: Pasture use and pastoral practices in the Kumaon Himalaya

11. The changing role of hunting and wildlife in pastoral communities of Northern Tibet

12. Implementation of resettlement programmes among pastoralist communities in Eastern Tibet

13. “Everybody likes houses. Even birds are coming!” Housing Tibetan pastoralists in Golok: Policies and everyday realities

14. Change and continuity in a nomadic pastoralism community in the Tibet Autonomous Region, 1959-2009

15. Tibetan pastoralists in transition. Political change and state interventions in nomad societies

16. Enclosure and resettlement in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau: dilemma of pastoral development during the last three decades

17. Pastoral communities’ perspectives on climate change and their adaptation strategies in the Hindukush-Karakoram-Himalaya

18. Pastoralism - a way forward or back?

Index

16. Enclosure and resettlement in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau: dilemma of pastoral development during the last three decades

17. Pastoral communities’ perspectives on climate change and their adaptation strategies in the Hindukush-Karakoram-Himalaya

18. Pastoralism - a way forward or back?

Index

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