2015, Approx. 300 p. 65 illus., 15 illus. in color.
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Timely compilation and description of research on diabatic heating on ENSO and the feedbacks from ENSO onto the time-mean climate
This book summarizes advances in understanding of ENSO, in particular its diabatic aspects. The research over the last 5-10 years has revealed a fundamental rule of diabatic heating in giving rise to the ENso phenomenon. It is critical to understand the effects of diabatic heating on ENSO and the feedbacks from ENSO onto the time-mean climate - its background state - in order to explain the variability of ENSO in the past and predict its response to Global Warming. This book consolidates and highlights this understanding.
Introduction.- Why is the eastern equitorial Pacific colder than the western equitorial Pacific?.- Why does the equitorial zone SST contrast fail to maintain steady?.- What controls the level of ENSO activity.- Why has ENSO varied over the past.- How ENSO responds to Global Warming.- ENSO's role in regulating the Earth's surface temperature.