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If one surveys the development of wind engineering, one comes to the conclusion that the challenge of urban climatology is one of the most important remaining tasks for the wind engineers. But what distinguishes wind engineering in urban areas from conventional wind engineering? Principally, the fact that the effects studied are usually unique to a particular situation, requiring consideration of the surroundings of the buildings. In the past, modelling criteria have been developed that make it possible to solve environmental problems with great confidence, and studies validated the models: at least in a neutrally stratified atmosphere. The approach adopted in the book is that of applied fluid mechanics, since this forms the basis for the evaluation of the urban wind field. Variables for air quality or loads are problem specific, or even random, and methods for studying them are based on risk analysis, which is also presented. Criteria are developed for a systematic approach to urban wind engineering problems, including parameter studies. The five sections of the book are: Fundamentals of urban boundary layer and dispersion; Forces on complex structures in built-up areas; Air pollution in cities; Numerical solution techniques; and Posters. A subject index is included.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Climatology - air pollution - air quality - climate - environment - pollution - simulation - wind
Preface. List of Frequently Used Symbols. Section I: Fundamentals of Urban Boundary Layer and Disperson. Section II: Forces on Complex Structures in Built-Up Areas. Section III: Air Pollution in Cities. III.1. Outer-City Flow and Dispersion. III.2. Inner-City Flow and Dispersion. Section IV: Numerical Simulation Techniques. Section V: Posters. Subject Index.