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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2009, held in Alghero, Italy, June 2-5, 2009.
The 36 revised full papers and 93 revised poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 250 submissions. Biometric criteria covered by the papers are assigned to face, speech, fingerprint and palmprint, multibiometrics and security, gait, iris, and other biometrics. In addition there are 4 papers on challenges and competitions that currently are under way, thus presenting an overview on the evaluation of biometrics.
Face.- Facial Geometry Estimation Using Photometric Stereo and Profile Views.- 3D Signatures for Fast 3D Face Recognition.- On Decomposing an Unseen 3D Face into Neutral Face and Expression Deformations.- Pose Normalization for Local Appearance-Based Face Recognition.- Bayesian Face Recognition Based on Markov Random Field Modeling.- Pixelwise Local Binary Pattern Models of Faces Using Kernel Density Estimation.- Improvements and Performance Evaluation Concerning Synthetic Age Progression and Face Recognition Affected by Adult Aging.- Binary Biometric Representation through Pairwise Polar Quantization.- Manifold Learning for Gender Classification from Face Sequences.- A Random Network Ensemble for Face Recognition.- Extraction of Illumination-Invariant Features in Face Recognition by Empirical Mode Decomposition.- A Discriminant Analysis Method for Face Recognition in Heteroscedastic Distributions.- Robust Face Recognition Using Color Information.- Face Age Classification on Consumer Images with Gabor Feature and Fuzzy LDA Method.- The Big Brother Database: Evaluating Face Recognition in Smart Home Environments.- A Confidence-Based Update Rule for Self-updating Human Face Recognition Systems.- Facial Comparisons by Subject Matter Experts: Their Role in Biometrics and Their Training.- Face Gender Classification on Consumer Images in a Multiethnic Environment.- Multi-View Face Alignment Using 3D Shape Model for View Estimation.- Analysis of Eigenvalue Correction Applied to Biometrics.- Multi-Region Probabilistic Histograms for Robust and Scalable Identity Inference.- Heterogeneous Face Recognition from Local Structures of Normalized Appearance.- Sparse Representation for Video-Based Face Recognition.- Face Image Quality Evaluation for ISO/IEC Standards 19794-5 and 29794-5.- Upper Facial Action Unit Recognition.- Automatic Partial Face Alignment in NIR Video Sequences.- Parts-Based Face Verification Using Local Frequency Bands.- Local Gabor Binary Pattern Whitened PCA: A Novel Approach for Face Recognition from Single Image Per Person.- 3D Face Recognition Using Joint Differential Invariants.- A Model Based Approach for Expressions Invariant Face Recognition.- Why Is Facial Occlusion a Challenging Problem?.- Nasal Region-Based 3D Face Recognition under Pose and Expression Variations.- An Analysis-by-Synthesis Method for Heterogeneous Face Biometrics.- Face Recognition with LWIR Imagery Using Local Binary Patterns.- A Classification Framework for Large-Scale Face Recognition Systems.- Synthesizing Frontal Faces on Calibrated Stereo Cameras for Face Recognition.- Nasal Region Contribution in 3D Face Biometrics Using Shape Analysis Framework.- Generic versus Salient Region-Based Partitioning for Local Appearance Face Recognition.- Near Infrared Face Based Biometric Key Binding.- Fuzzy 3D Face Ethnicity Categorization.- Faceprint: Fusion of Local Features for 3D Face Recognition.- Combining Illumination Normalization Methods for Better Face Recognition.- Bayesian Networks to Combine Intensity and Color Information in Face Recognition.- Combining Facial Skin Mark and Eigenfaces for Face Recognition.- Speech.- Analysis of the Utility of Classical and Novel Speech Quality Measures for Speaker Verification.- Impact of Prior Channel Information for Speaker Identification.- Minimising Speaker Verification Utterance Length through Confidence Based Early Verification Decisions.- Scatter Difference NAP for SVM Speaker Recognition.- Data-Driven Impostor Selection for T-Norm Score Normalisation and the Background Dataset in SVM-Based Speaker Verification.- Support Vector Machine Regression for Robust Speaker Verification in Mismatching and Forensic Conditions.- Scores Selection for Emotional Speaker Recognition.- Automatic Cross-Biometric Footstep Database Labelling Using Speaker Recognition.- Towards Structured Approaches to Arbitrary Data Selection and Performance Prediction for Speaker Recognition.- Fingerprint and Palmprint.- Beyond Minutiae: A Fingerprint Individuality Model with Pattern, Ridge and Pore Features.- Active Fingerprint Ridge Orientation Models.- FM Model Based Fingerprint Reconstruction from Minutiae Template.- Robust Biometric System Using Palmprint for Personal Verification.- Accurate Palmprint Recognition Using Spatial Bags of Local Layered Descriptors.- Pose Invariant Palmprint Recognition.- Palmprint Recognition Based on Regional Rank Correlation of Directional Features.- Direct Pore Matching for Fingerprint Recognition.- A Novel Fingerprint Matching Algorithm Using Ridge Curvature Feature.- Fingerprint Matching Based on Neighboring Information and Penalized Logistic Regression.- A Novel Region Based Liveness Detection Approach for Fingerprint Scanners.- Focal Point Detection Based on Half Concentric Lens Model for Singular Point Extraction in Fingerprint.- Robust Fingerprint Matching Using Spiral Partitioning Scheme.- Performance and Computational Complexity Comparison of Block-Based Fingerprint Enhancement.- Reference Point Detection for Arch Type Fingerprints.- Palmprint Verification Using Circular Gabor Filter.- Kernel Principal Component Analysis of Gabor Features for Palmprint Recognition.- Latent Fingerprint Matching: Fusion of Rolled and Plain Fingerprints.- Biometric Competitions.- Overview of the Multiple Biometrics Grand Challenge.- Face Video Competition.- Fingerprint and On-Line Signature Verification Competitions at ICB 2009.- Partial Face Matching between Near Infrared and Visual Images in MBGC Portal Challenge.- Multibiometrics and Security.- Fusion in Multibiometric Identification Systems: What about the Missing Data?.- Challenges and Research Directions for Adaptive Biometric Recognition Systems.- Modelling FRR of Biometric Verification Systems Using the Template Co-update Algorithm.- Bipartite Biotokens: Definition, Implementation, and Analysis.- Fusion of LSB and DWT Biometric Watermarking Using Offline Handwritten Signature for Copyright Protection.- Audio-Visual Identity Verification and Robustness to Imposture.- Theoretical Framework for Constructing Matching Algorithms in Biometric Authentication Systems.- A Biometric Menagerie Index for Characterising Template/Model-Specific Variation.- An Usability Study of Continuous Biometrics Authentication.- A First Approach to Contact-Based Biometrics for User Authentication.- Template Update Methods in Adaptive Biometric Systems: A Critical Review.- Simulating the Influences of Aging and Ocular Disease on Biometric Recognition Performance.- Cancelable Biometrics with Perfect Secrecy for Correlation-Based Matching.- An Information Theoretic Framework for Biometric Security Systems.- Constructing Passwords from Biometrical Data.- Efficient Biometric Verification in Encrypted Domain.- A New Approach for Biometric Template Storage and Remote Authentication.- A Biometric Key-Binding and Template Protection Framework Using Correlation Filters.- Security-Enhanced Fuzzy Fingerprint Vault Based on Minutiae’s Local Ridge Information.- Systematic Construction of Iris-Based Fuzzy Commitment Schemes.- Parallel versus Serial Classifier Combination for Multibiometric Hand-Based Identification.- Robust Multi-modal and Multi-unit Feature Level Fusion of Face and Iris Biometrics.- Robust Human Detection under Occlusion by Integrating Face and Person Detectors.- Multibiometric People Identification: A Self-tuning Architecture.- Gait.- Covariate Analysis for View-Point Independent Gait Recognition.- Dynamic Texture Based Gait Recognition.- Gender Recognition Based on Fusion of Face and Multi-view Gait.- Unsupervised Real-Time Unusual Behavior Detection for Biometric-Assisted Visual Surveillance.- Multilinear Tensor-Based Non-parametric Dimension Reduction for Gait Recognition.- Quantifying Gait Similarity: User Authentication and Real-World Challenge.- Iris.- 40 Years of Progress in Automatic Speaker Recognition.- Robust Biometric Key Extraction Based on Iris Cryptosystem.- Iris Matching by Local Extremum Points of Multiscale Taylor Expansion.- Efficient Iris Spoof Detection via Boosted Local Binary Patterns.- Custom Design of JPEG Quantisation Tables for Compressing Iris Polar Images to Improve Recognition Accuracy.- Improving Compressed Iris Recognition Accuracy Using JPEG2000 RoI Coding.- Image Averaging for Improved Iris Recognition.- Iris Recognition Using 3D Co-occurrence Matrix.- A New Fake Iris Detection Method.- Eyelid Localization in Iris Images Captured in Less Constrained Environment.- Noisy Iris Verification: A Modified Version of Local Intensity Variation Method.- An Automated Video-Based System for Iris Recognition.- Empirical Evidence for Correct Iris Match Score Degradation with Increased Time-Lapse between Gallery and Probe Matches.- Other Biometrics.- Practical On-Line Signature Verification.- On-Line Signature Matching Based on Hilbert Scanning Patterns.- Static Models of Derivative-Coordinates Phase Spaces for Multivariate Time Series Classification: An Application to Signature Verification.- Feature Selection in a Low Cost Signature Recognition System Based on Normalized Signatures and Fractional Distances.- Feature Selection and Binarization for On-Line Signature Recognition.- Writer Identification of Chinese Handwriting Using Grid Microstructure Feature.- Enhancement and Registration Schemes for Matching Conjunctival Vasculature.- Entropy of the Retina Template.- Lips Recognition for Biometrics.- Biometrics Method for Human Identification Using Electrocardiogram.- Real-Time Model-Based Hand Localization for Unsupervised Palmar Image Acquisition.- Palm Vein Verification System Based on SIFT Matching.