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Computer Science - Image Processing | Pattern Recognition and Classification

Pattern Recognition and Classification

An Introduction

Dougherty, Geoff

2013, XI, 196 p. 158 illus., 104 illus. in color. With online files/update.

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  • A comprehensive yet accessible introduction to the core concepts behind pattern recognition
  • Presents the funadmental concepts of supervised and unsupervised classification in an informal treatment, allowing the reader to quickly apply these concepts
  • Contains exercises at the end of each chapter, with solutions available to instructors online
The use of pattern recognition and classification is fundamental to many of the automated electronic systems in use today. However, despite the existence of a number of notable books in the field, the subject remains very challenging, especially for the beginner.

Pattern Recognition and Classification presents a comprehensive introduction to the core concepts involved in automated pattern recognition. It is designed to be accessible to newcomers from varied backgrounds, but it will also be useful to researchers and professionals in image and signal processing and analysis, and in computer vision. Fundamental concepts of supervised and unsupervised classification are presented in an informal, rather than axiomatic, treatment so that the reader can quickly acquire the necessary background for applying the concepts to real problems. More advanced topics, such as estimating classifier performance and combining classifiers, and details of particular project applications are addressed in the later chapters.

This book is suitable for undergraduates and graduates studying pattern recognition and machine learning.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Bayesian Decision Theory - Clustering Techniques - Feature Extraction - Machine Learning - Neural Networks - Object Recognition - Pattern Recognition

Related subjects » Computational Science & Engineering - Image Processing - Signals & Communication - Statistical Physics & Dynamical Systems - Systems Biology and Bioinformatics

Table of contents 

Preface.- Acknowledgments.- Chapter 1 Introduction.- 1.1 Overview.- 1.2 Classification.- 1.3 Organization of the Book.- Bibliography.- Exercises.- Chapter 2 Classification.- 2.1 The Classification Process.- 2.2 Features.- 2.3 Training and Learning.- 2.4 Supervised Learning and Algorithm Selection.- 2.5 Approaches to Classification.- 2.6 Examples.- 2.6.1 Classification by Shape.- 2.6.2 Classification by Size.- 2.6.3 More Examples.- 2.6.4 Classification of Letters.- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 3 Non-Metric Methods.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.2 Decision Tree Classifier.- 3.2.1 Information, Entropy and Impurity.- 3.2.2 Information Gain.- 3.2.3 Decision Tree Issues.- 3.2.4 Strengths and Weaknesses .- 3.3 Rule-Based Classifier .- 3.4 Other Methods.- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 4 Statistical Pattern Recognition .- 4.1 Measured Data and Measurement Errors.- 4.2 Probability Theory.- 4.2.1 Simple Probability Theory.- 4.2.2 Conditional Probability and Bayes’ Rule.- 4.2.3 Naïve Bayes classifier.- 4.3 Continuous Random Variables.- 4.3.1 The Multivariate Gaussian.- 4.3.2 The Covariance Matrix.- 4.3.3 The Mahalanobis Distance.- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 5 Supervised Learning.- 5.1 Parametric and Non-Parametric Learning.- 5.2 Parametric Learning.- 5.2.1 Bayesian Decision Theory .- 5.2.2 Discriminant Functions and Decision Boundaries.- 5.2.3 MAP (Maximum A Posteriori) Estimator.- Bibliography.- Exercises.- Chapter 6 Non-Parametric Learning.- 6.1 Histogram Estimator and Parzen Windows.- 6.2 k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN) Classification .- 6.3 Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs).- 6.4 Kernel Machines.- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 7 Feature Extraction and Selection.- 7.1 Reducing Dimensionality.- 7.1.1 Pre-Processing.- 7.2 Feature Selection.- 7.2.1 Inter/Intra-Class Distance.- 7.2.2 Subset Selection.- 7.3 Feature Extraction.- 7.3.1 Principal Component Analysis (PCA).- 7.3.2 Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA).- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 8 Unsupervised Learning.- 8.1 Clustering.- 8.2 k-Means Clustering.- 8.2.1 Fuzzy c-Means Clustering .- 8.3 (Agglomerative) Hierarchical Clustering.- Bibliography .- Exercises.- Chapter 9 Estimating and Comparing Classifiers.- 9.1 Comparing Classifiers and the No Free Lunch Theorem .- 9.1.2 Bias and Variance.- 9.2 Cross-Validation and Resampling Methods .- 9.2.1 The Holdout Method .- 9.2.2 k-Fold Cross-Validation .- 9.2.3 Bootstrap.- 9.3 Measuring Classifier Performance   .- 9.4 Comparing Classifiers.- 9.4.1 ROC curves.- 9.4.2 McNemar’s Test.- 9.4.3 Other Statistical Tests.- 9.4.4 The Classification Toolbox.- 9.5 Combining classifiers.- Bibliography.- Chapter 10 Projects.- 10.1 Retinal Tortuosity as an Indicator of Disease.- 10.2 Segmentation by Texture.- 10.3 Biometric Systems.- 10.3.1 Fingerprint Recognition.- 10.3.2 Face Recognition.- Bibliography.- Index.

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