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Computer Science - HCI | Computers Helping People with Special Needs - 10th International Conference, ICCHP 2006, Linz,

Computers Helping People with Special Needs

10th International Conference, ICCHP 2006, Linz, Austria, July 11-13, 2006, Proceedings

Miesenberger, K., Klaus, J., Zagler, W., Karshmer, A. (Eds.)

2006, LVIII, 1358 p.

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computers Helping People with Special Needs, ICCHP 2006, held in Linz, Austria, in July 2006.

The 193 revised contributions presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers evaluate how various fields in computer science can contribute to helping people with various kinds of disabilities and impairment. Among the technical fields evaluated are information systems, Web, Internet, and their applications, the information society, communication technology, computer-assisted education, human-computer interaction, interface design, virtual reality, haptic copmuting, mobile computing, ubiquitous computing, pervasive computing, assistive technology, multimedia, display technology, haptic computing, audio interfaces, ad societal and administrative issues.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Intercultural Communicative Competence - Internet - Web - computer science - human-computer interaction - human-computer interaction (HCI) - information society - multimedia - ubiquitous computing

Related subjects » Database Management & Information Retrieval - General Issues - HCI

Table of contents 

People with Disabilities: Accessible Content Processing.- People with Disabilities: Accessible Content Processing.- HODDER – A Fully Automatic Braille Note Production System.- Maps Sonification System Using Digitiser for Visually Impaired Children.- Document Processing for Accessibility: Standards and Initiatives.- Expressing Emotions Using Animated Text Captions.- Schulbuch Barrierefrei (Accessible School Books) – Co-operation Between Publishers and Service Providers in Austria.- Modelling Accessibility Constraints.- Scientific PDF Document Reader with Simple Interface for Visually Impaired People.- English “Oblique” Listening System – Rapid Listening System for the Blind and Visually Impaired, and Its Evaluation.- Creating Pictures by Dialogue.- Automatic Annotation of Geographic Maps.- Towards the Use of Ontologies for Improving User Interaction for People with Special Needs.- A Model for Accessible Information Networks – Findings of the EUAIN Project.- Making the Past a Thing of the Future: Automated Workflow for the Conversion of Printed Items into Fully Structured Digital Objects Based on Common Open Metadata Standards.- Accessible Navigation of Rich Media: Exposing Structure, Content and Controls in the Mobile User Interface.- The Essential Role of Libraries Serving Persons Who Are Blind and Print Disabled in the Information Age.- People with Disabilities: Web Accessibility.- Browsing Web Based Documents Through an Alternative Tree Interface: The WebTree Browser.- Web Pages for Blind People — Generating Web-Based Presentations by Means of Dialogue.- Architecture for Personal Web Accessibility.- Dynamically Generated Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) for Barrier-Free Web-Applications.- Designing a Web Page Considering the Interaction Characteristics of the Hard-of-Hearing.- Accessible Websites for People with Dementia: A Preliminary Investigation into Information Architecture.- People with Disabilities: Automatic and Manual Evaluation of Websites.- People with Disabilities: Automatic and Manual Evaluation of Web Sites.- Web Accessibility Testing: When the Method Is the Culprit.- Test Case Description Language (TCDL): Test Case Metadata for Conformance Evaluation.- The BenToWeb XHTML 1.0 Test Suite for the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0.- An Environment for Defining and Handling Guidelines for the Web.- Interpreting Results from Large Scale Automatic Evaluation of Web Accessibility.- Managing and Monitoring Web Site Accessibility.- Semi-automatic Evaluation of Web Accessibility with HERA 2.0.- Automatic Control of Simple Language in Web Pages.- Test Case Management Tools for Accessibility Testing.- Testing Web Navigation for All: An Agent-Based Approach.- University of Illinois Tools and Techniques for Functional Web Accessibility.- A Proposed Architecture for Large Scale Web Accessibility Assessment.- People with Disabilities: Quality of Web Accessibility.- People with Disabilities: Quality of Web Accessibility.- Towards Web Accessibility Certification: The Findings of the Support-EAM Project.- Raising the Expertise of Web Designers Through Training – The Experience of BFWD – Accessible Web Design (Barrierefreies Webdesign) in Austria.- The Role of Benchmarking in Concerted Actions to Increase Accessibility.- A Ubiquitous Social Community Portal Service for Social Networking with Convenient Accessibility.- Web Accessibility Conformity Assessment – Implementation Alternatives for a Quality Mark in Austria.- Accessible Interfaces to Empower the User.- A GOMS Model for Keyboard Navigation in Web Pages and Web Applications.- People with Disabilities: Accessible Tourism.- People with Disabilities: Accessible Tourism Introduction to the Special Thematic Session.- Accessibility Add-on Box Enabling Barrier-Free Tourism Information Systems (TIS).- Development of a Mobile Tourist Information System for People with Functional Limitations: User Behaviour Concept and Specification of Content Requirements.- Objective Accessibility Assessment of Public Infrastructures.- BAIM–Information for People with Reduced Mobility in the Field of Public Transport.- Accessible Information Space to Promote Accessible Tourism.- People with Disabilities: Materials for Teaching Accessibility and Design for All.- People with Disabilities: Materials for Teaching Accessibility and Design for All.- Teaching Web Accessibility with “Contramano” and Hera.- Introducing Media Managers to Usability and Accessibility.- Evaluating the Length of Virtual Horizontal Bar Chart Columns Augmented with Wrench and Sound Feedback.- “Assistec” – A University Course on Assistive Technologies.- People with Disabilities: Entertainment Software Accessibility.- People with Disabilities: Entertainment Software Accessibility.- Semi Automatic Generator of Tactile Video Games for Visually Impaired Children.- Making the Mainstream Accessible: What’s in a Game?.- Access Invaders: Developing a Universally Accessible Action Game.- Internet and Accessible Entertainment.- Guidelines for the Development of Accessible Computer Games.- People with Disabilities: Human Computer Interface.- A Classification, Based on ICF, for Modelling Human Computer Interaction.- Evaluation of Reaction Forces During Human Computer Interaction for Optimization and Development – A Pilot Research.- A User-Orientation Evaluation Framework: Assessing Accessibility Throughout the User Experience Lifecycle.- Basic Research of Input Support Device by Using Sympathetic Skin Response.- Unskilled Finger Key Pressing and Brain Coherence.- Customizing User Interfaces with Input Profiles.- Computerized Assessment Approach for Evaluating Computer Interaction Performance.- People with Disabilities: Assistive Homes and Environments.- People with Disabilities: Assistive Homes and Environments.- Prototyping and Evaluation of New Remote Controls for People with Visual Impairment.- Constructing Adaptive User Interface Through Semantic Descriptions.- A Proposal for a Home-Based Health Monitoring System for the Elderly or Disabled.- Helping People with ICT Device Control by Eye Gaze.- IRCS – Infra Red Code System: Access to Infra Red Codes for Ambient and Assisted Living.- The DAT Project: A Smart Home Environment for People with Disabilities.- Selection by Visualization of Topological Layouts for Adapted Living Area Design.- Wireless Communicator for Patients in Intensive Care.- People with Disabilities: Service Delivery.- The Development and Application of the Assistive Devices Application System for Clients with Disabilities.- EASTIN: A Trans-national Information Network on Assistive Technologies.- Participation in Development of Computers Helping People.- Developing Pedagogical Multimedia Resources Targeting Children with Special Educational Needs.- People with Disabilities: Education and Training.- Accessibility Issues in Two Specifications for E-Learning Tests: IMS QTI 1.2 and IMS QTI 2.0.- Informatics Teachers and Their Competences in Inclusive Education.- ECDL bf: Equal Opportunities Through Equal Access to an ECDL E-Learning Solution.- Searching Knowledge CinemaSense as a Case Study in Collaborative Production of a WWW Service in Two Universities.- Deaf and Hard of Hearing People: Electronic Communication Aids.- Deaf and Hard of Hearing People: Electronic Communication Aids.- User Evaluation of the SYNFACE Talking Head Telephone.- Towards a Service Integration Portal for Deaf People.- A Proposal of the Universal Sign Code.- Bilingual Sign Language Dictionary.- Improvements and Evaluations in Sign Animation Used as Instructions for Stomach X-Ray Examination.- Speech Technologies in a Computer-Aided Speech Therapy System.- Automatic Synthesis of Training Data for Sign Language Recognition Using HMM.- Communication Supporting System in a Classroom Environment for the Hearing Impaired.- Efficient Generation of Large Amounts of Training Data for Sign Language Recognition: A Semi-automatic Tool.- Composition Corrector – A Computer-Based Tool to Support Professional Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Writers.- VoxAid 2006: Telephone Communication for Hearing and/or Vocally Impaired People.- Evaluation of Effect of Delay on Sign Video Communication.- Japanese JSL Translation and Searching Display Conditions for Expressing Easy-to-Understand Sign Animation.- Design and Development of Several Mobile Communication Systems for People with Hearing Disabilities.- Captioning for Deaf and Hard of Hearing People by Editing Automatic Speech Recognition in Real Time.- Improving Baby Caring with Automatic Infant Cry Recognition.- People with Cognitive Problems and the Aging Population.- People with Cognitive Problems and the Aging Population.- A Semi-autonomous Wheelchair Towards User-Centered Design.- Computer Control by Tracking Head Movements for the Disabled.- Healthcare Service with Ubiquitous Sensor Networks for the Disabled and Elderly People.- Guiding Support for ‘Way-Finding’ in Unknown Buildings: Design and Evaluation.- Mobile Computing in Medicine: Designing Mobile Questionnaires for Elderly and Partially Sighted People.- NeurOSS — Open Source Software for Neuropsychological Rehabilitation.- DALMA – Location Aware Alarm System for People with Disabilities.- Usage of IT and Electronic Devices, and Its Structure, for Community-Dwelling Elderly.- A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Efficacy of Cognitive Intervention on Elderly People and on Patient’s with Alzheimer’s Disease.- Compensatory Use of Computers by Disabled Older Adults.- Computer Aids Clients with Psychiatric Disabilities in Cognitive and Vocational Rehabilitation Programs.- Ethically Aware Design of a Location System for People with Dementia.- People with Specific Learning Difficulties.- TouchStory: Towards an Interactive Learning Environment for Helping Children with Autism to Understand Narrative.- Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) for Dyslexic Students.- A New Audio Testing System for the Newly Blind and the Learning Disabled to Take the National Center Test for University Admissions.- Embodied Agents in Language Learning for Children with Language Challenges.- Web Design for Dyslexics: Accessibility of Arabic Content.- Flexibility in Virtual Environments – A Fully Adjustable Virtual Classroom.- Temporal Orientation Panel for Special Education.- Developing a TriAccess Reading Environment.- A Platform for Creating Adaptive Communicators.- Do Text-to-Speech Synthesisers Pronounce Correctly? A Preliminary Study.- People Using Augmented and Alternative Communication (AAC).- Investigation on Effect of Prosody in Finger Braille.- Internet Chat System for the Deaf-Blind Using Doubled Braille Display – DB4DB.- Using Iconicity to Evaluate Symbol Use.- Development of a Voice-Input Voice-Output Communication Aid (VIVOCA) for People with Severe Dysarthria.- EMU – A European Multilingual Text Prediction Software.- Design and Evaluation of a Versatile Architecture for a Multilingual Word Prediction System.- People with Motor and Mobility Impairement: Human Computer Interaction, Rehabilitation.- People with Motor and Mobility Impairment: Human Computer Interaction, Rehabilitation.- Electromyogram-Based Cursor Control System for Users with Motor Disabilities.- A Tongue Based Control for Disabled People.- An Alternative Chinese Keyboard Layout Design for Single-Digit Typists.- An Integrated Design for a Myoelectrically-Based Writing Module for a Controlled Prosthesis.- Development of a Power Assisted Handrail – Handrail Trajectory and Standing Up Motion.- Trial Usage of Rehabilitation System: Simple Driving Simulator for the Driving Skill Evaluation of People with Cerebrovascular Disease: CVD.- Eye Movement Communication Control System Based on EOG and Voluntary Eye Blink.- Eye as an Actuator.- Nonlinear Mapping of Pupil Centre Coordinates from Image Sensor to Screen for Gaze Control Systems.- Keyboard Adaptations for Children with Cerebral Palsy.- Light Spot Operated Mouse Emulator for Cervical Spinal-Cord Injured PC Users.- Design and Implementation of a Chorded On-Screen Keyboard for People with Physical Impairments.- People with Motor and Mobility Impairement: Innovative Interfaces to Wheelchairs.- People with Motor and Mobility Impairment: Innovative Multimodal Interfaces to Wheelchairs.- Accessible User Interface Framework for Severely Physically Disabled People.- MediaWheelie – A Best Practice Example for Research in Multimodal User Interfaces (MUIs).- NIBLUM: Non-Invasive Bluetooth Mouse for Wheelchair Users.- Smart Wheelchair Based on Ultrasonic Positioning System.- Scenarios of Use for a Modular Robotic Mobility Enhancement System for Profoundly Disabled Children in an Educational and Institutional Care Environment.- Blind and Visually Impaired People: Human Computer Interface.- Blind and Visually Impaired People: Human Computer Interface.- A Framework for Blind User Interfacing.- An Approach for Direct Manipulation by Tactile Modality for Blind Computer Users: Development of the Second Trial Production.- Making Nonaccessible Applications Accessible for Visually Impaired.- Usability Evaluation of the MOST Mobile Assistant (SlatTalker).- Non-visual Access to GUIs: Leveraging Abstract User Interfaces.- Design Guidelines for Audio–Haptic Immersive Applications for People with Visual Disabilities.- The Amodal Communication System Through an Extended Directional Input.- Blind and Visually Impaired People: Access to Information and Communication.- Multimedia Browser for Internet Online Daisy Books.- Automated Book Reader for Persons with Blindness.- RoboBraille – Automated Braille Translation by Means of an E-Mail Robot.- Accessing Music Notation Through Touch and Speech.- Blind People: Access to Graphics.- Math Class: An Application for Dynamic Tactile Graphics.- Helping People with Visual Impairments Gain Access to Graphical Information Through Natural Language: The iGraph System.- Fingertip Guiding Manipulator: Haptic Graphic Display for Mental Image Creation.- Graphic Editor for Visually Impaired Users.- Exploiting SenseCam for Helping the Blind in Business Negotiations.- On the Accuracy of Tactile Displays.- HOWARD: High-Order Wavefront Aberration Regularized Deconvolution for Enhancing Graphic Displays for Visually Impaired Computer Users.- Blind People: Access to Mathematics.- “BlindMath” a New Scientific Editor for Blind Students.- Translating MathML into Nemeth Braille Code.- New Environment for Visually Disabled Students to Access Scientific Information by Combining Speech Interface and Tactile Graphics.- Canonical MathML to Simplify Conversion of MathML to Braille Mathematical Notations.- Mathematics: How and What to Speak.- SBT: A Translator from Spanish Mathematical Braille to MathML.- Braille Math Made Easy with the Tiger Formatter.- LAMBDA: A European System to Access Mathematics with Braille and Audio Synthesis.- Speech Recognition Helps Visually Impaired People Writing Mathematical Formulas.- Supporting Blind Students in Navigation and Manipulation of Mathematical Expressions: Basic Requirements and Strategies.- Scientific Diagrams Made Easy with IVEOTM.- Blind and Visually Impaired People: Mobility and Orientation.- CyARM: Interactive Device for Environment Recognition and Joint Haptic Attention Using Non-visual Modality.- Marking in the Surroundings by Data-Carriers for the Visually Impaired.- A Study and Development of the Auditory Route Map Providing System for the Visually Impaired.- Identification of Acoustic Factors for Perception of Crossability Common to Blind and Sighted Pedestrians.- A Computer-Based Navigation System Tailored to the Needs of Blind People.- A Haptic Interface for an Indoor-Walk-Guide Simulator.- Computer Vision-Based Terrain Sensors for Blind Wheelchair Users.- The Blind Interactive Guide System Using RFID-Based Indoor Positioning System.- Blind and Visually Impaired People: Education and Training.- An IT Training Programme for Blind Computer Users – Presentation and Discussion of Didactic and Teletutorial Implications.- Usability for All: Towards Improving the E-Learning Experience for Visually Impaired Users.- Issues in Implementing Awareness in Collaborative Software for Blind People.- Modeling 3D Interactive Environments for Learners with Visual Disabilities.- APL: Audio Programming Language for Blind Learners.- eDiab: A System for Monitoring, Assisting and Educating People with Diabetes.

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