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This two-volume set, consisting of LNCS 7181 and LNCS 7182, constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Linguistics and Intelligent Processing, held in New Delhi, India, in March 2012. The total of 92 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. The contents have been ordered according to the following topical sections: NLP system architecture; lexical resources; morphology and syntax; word sense disambiguation and named entity recognition; semantics and discourse; sentiment analysis, opinion mining, and emotions; natural language generation; machine translation and multilingualism; text categorization and clustering; information extraction and text mining; information retrieval and question answering; document summarization; and applications.