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Computer Science - Database Management & Information Retrieval | The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization

The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization

Mackenzie Owen, John

2007, XII, 264 p.

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This book outlines the consequences of digitization for peer-reviewed research articles published in electronic journals. It has often been argued that digitization will revolutionize scientific communication. However, this study shows that this is not the case as far as scientific journals are concerned. Authors make little or no use of the possibilities offered by the digital medium, new procedures for electronic peer review have not replaced traditional peer review, and users do not seem to accept new forms of interaction offered by some electronic journals. The main innovations are to be found at the level of the infrastructures developed by publishers. Scientists themselves appear to be reluctant to change their established patterns of behaviour in formal scientific communication.

The book provides a theoretical background to the history and structure of scientific communication, as well as an in-depth study of electronic journals over the period 1987-2004. It offers a unique approach that questions more conventional ideas about the ‘revolutionary’ impact of digitization on scientific communication and the innovative role of publishers and aca

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Journal - Multimedia - Open Access - Peer - berck - communication - communication system - digital - document - media - scientific communication

Related subjects » Database Management & Information Retrieval - Information Systems and Applications - Printing & Publishing - Social Sciences

Table of contents 

INTRODUCTION.- 1 The birth of the electronic journal.- 2 The electronic journal ‘revolution’.- 3 Electronic journals: the issues.- 4 Studying digitization.- 5 Information Science.- 6 Theory.- 7 Methodology.- 8 Level of analysis.- 9 Outline.- 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.- 1 The historical perspective.- 1.1 The Scientific Revolution.- 1.2 The early impact of printing.- 1.3 The scientific societies.- 1.4 The scientific journal.- 1.5 The development of the electronic journal.- 2 The scientific journal.- 2.1 The structure of the scientific article.- 2.2 The evolution of the scientific article.- 3. THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.- 1 Scientific communication.- 2 Models and metaphors.- 2.1 The conduit metaphor.- 2.2 The information chain.- 3 Early models.- 4 Transaction space.- 5 Continuum model.- 6 Functions of scientific communication.- 7 The author.- 8 From print to digital.- 8.1 The digital information chain.- 8.2 Systems based communication.- 8.3 Institutional repositories.- 9 Innovation of the scientific journal.- 9.1 Scholarly Communication Forums.- 9.2 The innovation chain.- 10 Complexity of scientific communication.- 4. THE DIGITIZATION OF INFORMATION RESOURCES.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The concept of digitization.- 3 Networked information.- 4 Dynamic information.- 5 Quasi-intelligent documents.- 6 The functional document.- 7 The ‘copy paradox’.- 8 The problem of authenticity.- 9 Reading, creating and control.- 10 Characterizing the digital article.- 10.1 The digital document.- 10.2 The digital scientific article.- 5. THE ELECTRONIC JOURNAL 1987-2004.- 1 Analytical framework.- 2 Research data.- 3 Results of the survey.- 3.1 Scientific fields and publication year.- 3.2 Submission formats.- 3.3 Publication formats.- 3.4 Multimedia.- 3.5 Data resources.- 3.6 Revision.- 3.7 Response.- 3.8 Customization.- 3.9 External hyperlinks.- 3.10 Functionality.- 3.11 Navigation.- 3.12 Peer review.- 3.13 Copyright.- 3.14 Editorialpolicies.- 4 Open Access journals.- 5 Evaluation.- 6 The impact of digitization.- 6. DIGITIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.- 1 Explaining development.- 1.1 The closure of scientific communication.- 1.2 An evolutionary view of scientific communication.- 1.3 The diffusion of innovations.- 2 The technology myth.- 3 Transforming scientific communication.- 3.1 The significance of the electronic journal.- 3.2 The illusion of new media.- 3.3 The shadow of the format.- 3.4 The epistemological position.- 4 The impact of digitization on scientific communication.- 4.1 The illusion of a revolution.- 4.2 The dynamics of change.- 5 Final conclusions.- BIBLIOGRAPHY.- INDEX.

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