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Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence | Turing’s Connectionism - An Investigation of Neural Network Architectures

Turing’s Connectionism

An Investigation of Neural Network Architectures

Teuscher, Christof

2002, XXIV, 200 pp.

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  • About this book

Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954) was the first to carry out substantial re­ search in the field now known as Artificial Intelligence (AI). He was thinking about machine intelligence at least as early as 1941 and during the war cir­ culated a typewritten paper on machine intelligence among his colleagues at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC & CS), Bletchley Park. Now lost, this was undoubtedly the earliest paper in the field of AI. It probably concerned machine learning and heuristic problem-solving; both were topics that Turing discussed extensively during the war years at GC & CS, as was mechanical chess [121]. In 1945, the war in Europe over, Turing was recruited by the National Physical Laboratory (NPL)! in London, his brief to design and develop an electronic stored-program digital computer-a concrete form of the universal Turing machine of 1936 [185]. Turing's technical report "Proposed Electronic 2 Calculator" , dating from the end of 1945 and containing his design for the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE), was the first relatively complete spec­ ification of an electronic stored-program digital computer [193,197]. (The document "First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC", produced by John von Neumann and the Moore School group at the University of Pennsylvania in May 1945, contained little engineering detail, in particular concerning elec­ tronic hardware [202].

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Alan Turing - Connectionism - Hardware - Neural Networks - Random Bollean Networks - algorithms - artificial intelligence - logic

Related subjects » Artificial Intelligence - Hardware - Theoretical Computer Science

Table of contents 

Foreword by B.J. Copeland and D. Proudfoot.- INTRODUCTION: Turing's Anticipation of Connectionism. Alan Mathison Turing. Connectionism and Artificial Neural Networks. Historical Context and Related Work. Organization of the Book. Book Web-Site.- INTELLIGENT MACHINERY: Machines. Turing's Unorganized Machines. Formalization and Analysis of Unorganized Machines. New Unorganized Machines. Simulation of TBI-type Machines with MATLAB.- SYNTHESIS OF LOGICAL FUNCTIONS AND DIGITAL SYSTEMS WITH TURING NETWORKS: Combinational versus Sequential Systems. Synthesis of Logical Functions with A-type Networks. Synthesis of Logical Functions with TB-type Networks. Multiplexer and Demultiplexer. Delay-Unit. Shift-Register. How to Design Complex Systems. Hardware Implementation.- ORGANIZING UNORGANIZED MACHINES: Evolutionary Algorithms. Evolutionary Artificial Neural Networks. Example: Evolve Networks that Regenerate Bitstreams. Signal Processing in Turing Networks. Pattern Classification. Examples: Pattern Classification with Genetic Algorithms. A Learning Algorithm for Turing Networks.- NETWORK PROPERTIES AND CHARACTERISTICS: General Properties. Computational Power. State Machines. Threshold Logic. Dynamical Systems and the State-Space Model. Random Boolean Networks. Attractors. Network Stability and Activity. Chaos, Bifurcation, and Self-Organized Criticality. Topological Evolution and Self-Organization. Hypercomputation: Computing Beyond the Turing Limit with Turing's Neural Networks?- EPILOGUE.

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