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Chemistry - Polymer Science | Design and Precise Synthesis of Thermoresponsive Polyacrylamides

Design and Precise Synthesis of Thermoresponsive Polyacrylamides

Series: Springer Theses

Fuchise, Keita

2014, XVIII, 81 p. 60 illus., 6 illus. in color.

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  • Nominated by Hokkaido University as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis
  • Explains easy and versatile methods to control the thermoresponsive properties of polyacrylamides
  • Furnishes useful results for further development of intelligent materials

In this thesis, the author describes versatile and easy-to-use methods to control the properties of thermoresponsive polyacrylamides by developing novel synthetic methods for end-functionalized poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and block copolymers of poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (PDEAA). The synthesis of various urea end-functionalized PNIPAMs was achieved by the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and the click reaction. The phase transition temperature of PNIPAM in water was controlled depending on the strength of the hydrogen bonding of the urea groups introduced at the chain end of the polymer. Novel living polymerization methods for N,N-dimethylacrylamide and N,N-diethylacrylamide were developed by group transfer polymerization (GTP) using a strong Brønsted acid as a precatalyst and an amino silyl enolate as an initiator. This process enabled the precise synthesis of PDEAA and its block copolymers—namely, thermoresponsive amphiphilic block copolymers and double-hydrophilic block copolymers.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Click Reaction - Group Transfer Polymerization (GTP) - Organocatalysts - Poly(N,N-diethylacrylamide) (PDEAA) - Poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMAA) - Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) - Strong Brønsted Acid Catalysts - Thermoresponsive Polymers - Urea End-functionalized Polyacrylamides

Related subjects » Organic Chemistry - Polymer Science

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