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Highest Impact Factor of all publications ranked by ISI within Polymer Science
Short and concise reports on physics and chemistry of polymers, each written by the world renowned experts
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Control of polymeric structure is among the most important endeavours of modern macromolecular science. In particular, tailoring the positioning and strength of intermolecular forces within macromolecules by synthetic me- odsandthusgaining structuralcontrolover the?nalpolymeric materials has become feasible, resulting in the ?eld of supramolecular polymer science. - sides other intermolecular forces, hydrogen bonds are unique intermolecular forces enabling the tuning of material properties via self-assembly processes –1 overawiderangeofinteractionstrengthrangingfromseveralkJmol tosev- –1 eraltensofkJmol . Centralfortheformationofthesestructuresareprecursor molecules of small molecular weight (usually lower than 10 000), which can assembleinsolidorsolutiontoaggregatesofde?nedgeometry. Intermolecular hydrogenbondsatde?nedpositionsofthesebuildingblocksaswellastheir- spectivestartinggeometryandtheinitialsizedeterminethemodeofassembly into supramolecular polymers forming network-, rodlike-, ?brous-, disclike- , helical-, lamellar- and chainlike architectures. In all cases, weak to strong hydrogen-bondinginteractionscanactasthecentralstructure-directingforce fortheorganizationofpolymerchainsandthusthe?nalmaterials’properties. Theimportantcontributionofhydrogenbondstotheareaofsupramole- lar polymer chemistry is de?nitely outstanding, most of all since the potency of hydrogen-bonding systems has been found to be unique in relation to other supramolecular interactions. Thus the high level of structural diversity of many hydrogen-bonding systems as well as their high level of direction- ity and speci?city in recognition-phenomena is unbeaten in supramolecular chemistry. The realization, that their stability can be tuned over a wide range of binding strength is important for tuning the resulting material prop- ties, ranging from elastomeric to thermoplastic and even highly crosslinked duroplastic structures and networks. On the basis of the thermal reversib- ity, new materials with highly tunable properties can now be prepared, - ing able to change their mechanical and optoelectronic properties with very smallchangesofexternalstimuli. Thusthe?eldofhydrogen-bondedpolymers forms the basis for stimuli responsive and adaptable materials of the future.
W.H. Binder, R. Zirbs: Supramolecular Polymers and Networks with Hydrogen Bonds in the Main- and Sidechain.- L. Bouteiller: Assembly via Hydrogen Bonds of Low Molar Mass Compounds into Supramolecular Polymers.- G. ten Brinke, J. Ruokolainen, O. Ikkala: Supramolecular Materials Based Upon Hydrogen Bonded Polymers.- H. Xu, S. Srivastava, V.M. Rotello: Nanocomposites Based on Hydrogen Bonds.-