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Chemistry - Polymer Science | In-situ Structure Characterization of Elastomers during Deformation and Fracture

In-situ Structure Characterization of Elastomers during Deformation and Fracture

Series: Springer Theses

Brüning, Karsten

2014, XIV, 124 p. 82 illus., 51 illus. in color.

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  • Nominated by the Technical University Dresden (Germany) and by the Leibniz Institute of Polymer Materials Dresden as an outstanding PhD thesis
  • Provides new insight into the structural behavior of natural rubber under mechanical loads
  • Employs a multitude of experimental investigation techniques (incl. WAXD, SAXS, SEM) and combines them with newly developed methodology for the sample preparation
  • Includes a comprehensive introduction to and concise review of the field, introducing the reader carefully to the topic and methodology

This thesis offers novel insights into the time-dependent structural evolution of polymers under deformation. In-situ tensile experiments at high-brilliance synchrotron sources allowed to characterize the material with unrivaled resolution in time and space. The strain-induced crystallization in natural rubber was studied by wide-angle X-ray diffraction. Special emphasis was put on the establishment of new structure-property relationships to give a more in-depth understanding of the mechanical performance of rubber parts, e.g. in tear fatigue loading. To this end, the kinetics of strain-induced crystallization were investigated, subjecting the material to high strain rates. The local structure around a crack tip was observed by scanning wide-angle X-ray diffraction. Ultra-small angle X-ray scattering served to study filled elastomers under deformation, from specially prepared model filler systems to industrially relevant carbon black filled rubbers. Other methods include electron microscopy coupled with in-situ tensile testing and optical dilatometry to examine cavitation in rubbers.

The underlying theory as well as a literature review are covered by an extensive introductory chapter, followed by a description of the experimental techniques. The results are presented in more detail than in the original journal publications.

 

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Cavitation - Crystallization Kinetics - Elastomer Deformation and Fracture - Mechanical Properties of Polymers - Natural Rubber Reinforcement - Polymers Under Deformation - Strain-induced Crystallization - Synchrotron Small and Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering & Diffraction - Synchrotron X-ray Radiation - Time-dependent Structure Evolution in Polymers - WAXD, SAXS, USAXS, SEM

Related subjects » Characterization & Evaluation of Materials - Materials - Polymer Science - Special types of Materials

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