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Chemistry - Physical Chemistry | State-to-State Dynamical Research in the F+H2 Reaction System

State-to-State Dynamical Research in the F+H2 Reaction System

Series: Springer Theses

Ren, Zefeng

2014, XII, 77 p. 64 illus., 21 illus. in color.

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  • Nominated as an outstanding contribution by Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Introduces a new crossed molecular beam scattering apparatus with a high time-of-flight resolution
  • Describes the observation of Feshbach resonances in F+H2 reaction
  • Presents the measurement of nonadiabatic effects in F+D2 reaction

This thesis addresses two important and also challenging issues in the research of chemical reaction dynamics of F+H2 system. One is to probe the reaction resonance and the other is to determine the extent of the breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation (BOA) experimentally. The author introduces a state-of-the-art crossed molecular beam-scattering apparatus using a hydrogen atom Rydberg "tagging" time-of-flight method, and presents thorough state-to-state experimental studies to address the above issues. The author also describes the observation of the Feshbach resonance in the F+H2 reaction, a precise measurement of the differential cross section in the F+HD reaction, and validation of a new accurate potential energy surface with spectroscopic accuracy. Moreover, the author determines the reactivity ratio between the ground state F(2P3/2) and the excited state F*(2P1/2) in the F+D2 reaction, and exploits the breakdown of BOA in the low collision energy. 

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Born-Oppenheimer Approximation - Crossed Molecular Beam Scattering - Differential Cross Section - Feschbach Resonance - Hydrogen Atom Rydberg Tagging Time-of-Flight - Nonadiabatic Effect - Potential Energy Surface - Reaction Resonance

Related subjects » Analytical Chemistry - Atomic, Molecular, Optical & Plasma Physics - Physical Chemistry - Theoretical and Computational Chemistry

Table of contents 

Introduction.- Hydrogen Atom Rydberg Tagging Time-of-Flight Crossed Molecular Beam Apparatus.- Dynamical Resonances in F+H2 Reactions.- The Non-Adiabatic Effects in F(2P)+D2→DF+D.

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