Logo - springer
Slogan - springer

Chemistry - Physical Chemistry | Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism

Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Detection of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism, St. Petersburg, Russia, 17-19 October 2007

Schubert, Hiltmar, Kuznetsov, Andrey (Eds.)

2008, XI, 233 p.

Available Formats:
eBook
Information

Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.

You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.

 
$79.95

(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-1-4020-8466-9

digitally watermarked, no DRM

Included Format: PDF

download immediately after purchase


learn more about Springer eBooks

add to marked items

Hardcover
Information

Hardcover version

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.

 
$249.00

(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-1-4020-8464-5

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days


add to marked items

Softcover
Information

Softcover (also known as softback) version.

You can pay for Springer Books with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.

Standard shipping is free of charge for individual customers.

 
$109.00

(net) price for USA

ISBN 978-1-4020-8465-2

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days


add to marked items

  • The proceedings of this workshop provide the only opportunity to gain information outside the area of secrecy about the state-of-the-art in this special field of application
  • Activities in this area by Russian researchers are of special interest and will be a starting point for NATO Russian Research Cooperation
  • Because of this very special item of research, this workshop gives an outstanding platform for international information exchange about the detection of explosives in connection with terrorism
The organization of an Advanced Research Workshop with the title “Detection and Disposal of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Agents in Connection with Terrorism” was motivated by international findings about activities in this field of application. This ARW followed a meeting about the “Detection of Disposal Improvised Explosives” (St. Petersburg, 2005). Both items show the logistic problems as one of the lessons, terrorists have to overcome. These problems are connected with the illegal supply and transport of explosives and fuels and as counter-measure the detection of these materials. The invention of liquid explosives goes back to the middle of the 19th century and was used for special purposes in the commercial field of application. Because of the high sensitivity of liquid explosives against mechanical shock, caused by adiabatic compression of air-bobbles producing “hot spots” as origin of initiation the commercial application was not very successful. Because of this high risk, liquid explosives are not used in military or commercial application with some exceptions. In the commercial field explosives as slurries or emulsions consisting of suitable salts (Ammoniumnitrate etc.) and water are used to a large extend because of their high insensitivity. In many cases these slurries or emulsions were unfit for terrorist actions, because of their low sensitivity, large critical diameter and using in confinement. In the military field liquid explosives are used in World War I and II as bomb-fillings.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Biophysics - NATO - Peace - Physics - Science - Security - Sub-Series B - optimization - sensor - spectroscopy

Related subjects » Analytical Chemistry - Applied & Technical Physics - Physical Chemistry

Table of contents 

Preface.- Acknowledgement.- The Terrorist Pallet of Liquid Explosives and Flammable Fuels; H. Schubert.- Overview of Liquid Explosives Detection; A.V. Kuznetsov, O.I. Osetrov.- Chemistry and Properties of Liquid Explosives; P. Mostak.- What’s Special about Liquid Explosives?; J.C. Oxley.- Search of Explosives in Vehicles by Using Tagged Neutrons; G. Viesti et al.- Optimization of Hardware are for Tagged Neutron Technology; M.D. Karetnikov et al.- Detection of Liquid and Homemade Explosives: What Do We Need to Know about their Properties?; D. Menning, H. Östmark.- Detector of Hazardous Substances Based on Nanosecond Neutron Analysis; V.A. Kalinin et al.- Some Detection Procedures for Liquid Explosives; M. Stancl, M. Kyncl.- Detection of Explosives Using Nuclear Resonance Absorption of Gamma Rays in Nitrogen: A Russian/US Collaboration; T.J.T. Kwan et al.- A Device for Detecting Concealed Explosives; V.A. Teryokhin, Yu.I. Chernukhin.- Trace and Bulk Detection of Explosives by Ion Mobility Spectrometry and Neutron Analysis; D. Rondeshagen et al.- Possibilities of Liquid Explosives Countermeasures at Airports; J. Turecek.- Close-Range and Standoff Detection and Identification of Liquid Explosives by Means of Raman Spectroscopy; I. Johansson et al.- Directional Detection of Nitrogen and Hydrogen in Explosives by Use of a DD-Fusion-Driven Thermal Neutron Source; K. Masuda et al.- Discrimination of the Explosives from Other Materials by Using the Tagged Neutron Beam; D. Sudac, V. Valkovic.- Detection of Liquid Explosives and/or Flammable Liquids by Different Techniques; G. Bunte et al.- Hilbert Spectroscopy of Liquids for Security Screening; Y. Divin et al.- Liquid Explosives – The Threat to Civil Aviation and the European Response; C.J. de Ruiter.- Miniaturized Photonic Sensor Devices for Real Time Explosive Detection; W. Schade et al.- Conceptual Design of a Hand-held Liquid Checker Based on Compton Backscatter Method; L. Guorong.-

Popular Content within this publication 

 

Articles

Read this Book on Springerlink

Services for this book

New Book Alert

Get alerted on new Springer publications in the subject area of Physical Chemistry.