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Chemistry - Physical Chemistry | Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter

Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter

Phenomenology and Thermodynamics

Oonk, H.A.J., Calvet, M.T.

2008

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  • Contains over 200 exercises
  • Suitable for self study
  • Structured with increasing theoretical insight levels
  • Plain style, compact writing, and transparent presentation
  • Balanced coupling of experiment and theory
  • Very user-friendly
  • Refreshing treatment of the matter

The phase behaviour of materials and their thermodynamic properties are a central subject in all fields of materials research. The first Volume of the work, meant for graduate students in chemistry, geology, physics, and metallurgy, and their engineering counterparts, is split up in three levels, such that from level to level the portion and importance of thermodynamics and mathematics are increased. In the ground level it is shown that the basic principles of phase equilibria can be understood without the use of thermodynamics – be it that the concept of chemical potential is introduced right from the beginning. The intermediate level is an introduction to thermodynamics; culminating in the Gibbs energy as the arbiter for equilibrium – demonstrated for systems where the phases in equilibrium are pure substances. In the third level the accent is on binary systems, where one or more phases are solutions of the components. Explicit relationships between the variables are derived for equilibria involving ideal mixtures and ideal dilute solutions. Non-ideal systems are treated from three different angles – geometrically, analytically, and numerically.

Throughout the work high priority is given to the thermodynamic assessment of experimental data; numerous end-of-chapter exercises and their solutions are included. The work is useful for scientists as an introduction and a reference book.

Audience:

Students, teachers, and scientists in chemistry, chemical engineering, geology and geophysics, metallurgy, and related branches of materials science

Content Level » Graduate

Keywords » Phase diagrams - Phase equilibria - Phase-diagram analysis - chemistry - dynamics - entropy - thermodynamics

Related subjects » Classical Continuum Physics - Geology - Geophysics & Geodesy - Materials - Physical Chemistry

Table of contents 

level 0

§ 001 Equilibrium

§ 002 The Variables

§ 003 The Rules

§ 004 Pure Substances

§ 005 Binary and Ternary Systems

§ 006 Partition and Separation

§ 007 Chemical Equilibrium

level 1

§ 101 Differential Expressions

§ 102 Work, Heat, Energy

§ 103 Heat Capacity and Enthalpy

§ 104 Ideal Gas, Expansion and Compression

§ 105 Chemical Energy

§ 106 Entropy

§ 107 Characteristic Functions

§ 108 Gibbs Energy and Equilibrium

§ 109 Tables

§ 110 Pure Substances

§ 111 Chemical Reactions

level 2

§ 201 Mixtures and Partial quantities

§ 202 The Open System, Chemical Potentials

§ 203 Change to Molar Quantities

§ 204 The Ideal Mixture

§ 205 Non-Ideal Behaviour

§ 206 Magic Formulae

§ 207 Dilute Solutions

§ 208 The Solvent Laws

§ 209 The Solute Laws

§ 210 Ideal Equilibria

§ 211 Non-Ideal Systems - Geometrically

§ 212 Non-Ideal Systems - Analytically

§ 213 Non-Ideal Systems - Numerically

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