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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Materials Processing at High Gravity, held at Clarkson University, May 29 to June 2, 2000. There were 73 attendees from 16 countries. Since the topics extended well beyond materials processing, it was felt appropriate to name this proceedings "Centrifugal Processing." Processing by Centrifugation includes the traditional bench-scale centrifuges, as well as all rotating systems utilizing the centrifugal and Coriolis forces to provide unique performance. Centrifugation led to the formation of sticky porous Teflon membranes, as well as improved polymeric solar cells. Centrifugation on large equipment improved the chemical vapor deposition of diamond films, influenced the growth and dissolution of semiconductor crystals, and elucidated the influence of gravity on coagulation of colloidal Teflon. A million g centrifuge was constructed and used to study sedimentation in solids and to prepare compositionally graded materials and new phases. Rotation of a pipe about its axis allowed the casting of large-diameter metal alloy pipes as well as coating the interior of pipes with a cermet utilizing self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. Such coatings are highly corrosion and erosion resistant. Flow on a rotating disk was shown to be useful for process intensification, such as large-scale manufacturing of nano-particles, polymerization reactions, and heat & mass transfer. Several theoretical studies dealt with the influence of rotation on fluid convection on surfaces and in pipes, tubes, and porous media. These have applications to integrated-circuit chip manufacturing, alloy casting, oil production, crystal growth, and the operation of rotating machinery.
Vibration during Centrifugation; L.L. Regel, et al. Application of the Spinning-Disc Technology for Process Intensification in the Chemical Process Industry; K.V.K. Boodhoo, R.J.J. Jachuk. Synthesis and Application of Nanoparticles by Multiphase Reactive Precipitation in a High-Gravity Reactor: I: Experimental; J. Chen, Y. Wang. Synthesis and Application of Nanoparticles by Multiphase Reactive Precipitation in a High-Gravity Reactor: II: Modeling; Y. Wang, J. Chen. Spreading of a Thin Liquid Drop under the Influence of Gravity, Rotation and Non-Uniform Surface Tension; E. Momoniat. Recovery of Diluted Components from Large Aqueous Streams by an Extremely Compact, Centrifugal Countercurrent Adsorption System; L.A.M. van der Wielen, et al. Gas-Phase Mass Transfer in a Centrifugal Gas-Liquid Contactor with a Stack of Flexible Disks as Packing; R. Mukherjee, et al. Analytical Ultracentrifugation: A Valuable Tool to Recognize Crystallization Conditions of Proteins; J. Behlke, O. Ristau. The Effect of Centrifugation on the Composition, Structure and Properties of Ionic Compound Crystals; S.P. Nikanorov, et al. Alteration of the Chemical Composition of Solid Solutions and Eutectics by Centrifugation; V.N. Gurin, et al. Dissolution Rate of GaP Crystal on a Centrifuge; Y. Inatomi, et al. Influence of Centrifugation on the Conductivity of Poly-N-Epoxypropylcarbazole - Copper Phthalocyanine Films Deposited from Solution; K. Karimov, et al. Physical Vapor Transport of CuPc Organic Thin Films in High Gravity; K. Karimov, et al. Diamond Synthesized by DC-Plasma CVD at High Gravity; M. Nakazato, et al. Influence of Centrifugation on Diamond Film Deposition by Chemical Vapor Transport; L.L. Regel, W.R. Wilcox. Polymer Synthesis in a Centrifugal Field; K.G. Kostarev, A.V. Shmyrov. Utilization of Microgravity and High Gravity to Prepare Materials with Controlled Properties; V.A. Briskman, et al. Influence of Centrifugation on Coagulation of Colloidal Dispersions of Teflon™; J. Simmons, et al. Boundary Conditions in Diffusional Growth and Sedimentation; V. Privman, J. Park. Simulation of Sedimentation of Atoms in a Binary Alloy in Strong Gravity; M. Ono, T. Mashimo. Mega-Gravity Experiment on in In-Pb Alloy; T. Mashimo, et al. Molecular Gradation in Glass by Using High Gravity: A Novel Method for Si-Ti Graded-Glass Preparation; M. Nishihara, et al. High-Velocity Sedimentation to Determine Conformational and Hydrodynamic Parameters of Nitrocellulose Macromolecules; V.A. Malchevsky. Mechanical Properties of Nitrocellulose Composite Materials; V.A. Malchevsky. Centrifugal Casting of Al-25%w Cu Alloy with Electromagnetic Stirring and Water Cooling; W. Zhang, et al. The Influence of High Artificial Gravity on SHS processes; V.I. Yukhvid, et al. Self-Propagating High-Temperature Centrifugal Processing of Cu2O-Cu-Al and Cu2O-Al Systems; A.S. Rogachev, et al. Centrifugal-Thermit Process for Production of Composite Pipes of Various Sizes; E. Miyazaki, O. Odawara. Ceramic-Lined Composite Pipes Produces by the Gs-T SHS Process with Mechanical Vibration; J. Wang, et al. Directional Solidification of Aluminum and Lead in a Centrifuge; Sh. Mavlonov, H. Shodiev. Physico-Chemical Analysis under Conditions of High Gravity; Sh. Mavlonov, H. Shodiev. Defect Formation in Tellurium at Different Gravitational Levels; L.L. Regel, et al. Influence of Centrifugation on Furnace Temperature Distribution and Freezing Rate of InSb using the Gradient Freeze Technique; I.L. Moskowitz, et al. Effects of Rotation o