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This valuable reference targets research chemists and engineers who have chosen a career in the complex and essential petroleum industry, as well as other professionals just entering the industry who seek a comprehensives and accessible resource on petroleum processing. The handbook describes and discusses the key components and processes that make up the petroleum refining industry. Beginning with the basics of crude oils and their nature, it continues with the commercial products derived from refining and with related issues concerning their environmental impact.
At its core is a complete overview of the processes that make up a modern refinery, plus a brief history of the development of processes. Also described in detail are design techniques, operations, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, which enable readers to use today’s simulation-software packages.
The handbook also covers off-sites and utilities, as well as environmental and safety aspects relevant to the industry. The chapter on refinery planning covers both operational planning and the decision making procedures for new or revamped processes. Major equipment used in the industry is reviewed along with details and examples of the process specifications for each.
The second part comprises a glossary and dictionary of the terms and expressions used in petroleum refining, plus appendices supplying data such as converging factors and selected crude oil assays, and an example of optimizing a refinery configuration using linear programming.
Handbook of Petroleum Processing is an indispensable desk reference for chemist and engineers and also an essential part of the libraries of universities with a chemical engineering faculty and oil refineries and engineering firms performing support functions or construction.
Preface. Part 1: Handbook of petroleum processing. An introduction to crude oil and its processing. Petroleum products. Part 2: The refining processes.- The atmospheric and vacuum crude oil distillation units.- The light end units.- The catalytic reforming process.- The fluid catalytic cracking process.- The distillate hydro cracking process.- The hydro-treating processes.- The production of gasoline precursors.- The refinery gas treating processes.- Upgrading residues.- The non energy refineries. The support services common to most refineries. The refinery environmental issues. Handling hazardous materials and safety. Quality control of refinery products. Refinery planning, economics, and handling new projects.- An introduction to economic analysis. Process equipment in petroleum refining. Appendices: Examples of working flow sheets. General data. A selecton of crude oil assays. Conversion factors. An example of an exercies using linear programming. Part 3: Dictionary of terms and expressions