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Chemistry - Electrochemistry | Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting - Standards, Experimental Methods, and Protocols

Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

Standards, Experimental Methods, and Protocols

Chen, Zhebo, Dinh, Huyen, Miller, Eric

2013, X, 126 p. 44 illus., 40 illus. in color.

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  • First book characterizing specific methods and tools needed to develop and characterize materials for photoelectrochemical water splitting
  • Contributors and editors are experts in photoelectrochemical water splitting
  • Contributors and editors were selected by the US Department of Energy to address the need for standardization of good practices in PEC
This book outlines many of the techniques involved in materials development and characterization for photoelectrochemical (PEC) – for example, proper metrics for describing material performance, how to assemble testing cells and prepare materials for assessment of their properties, and how to perform the experimental measurements needed to achieve reliable results towards better scientific understanding. For each technique, proper procedure,  benefits, limitations, and data interpretation are discussed. Consolidating this information in a short, accessible, and easy to read reference guide will allow researchers to more rapidly immerse themselves into PEC research and also better compare their results against those of other researchers to better advance materials development.

This book serves as a “how-to” guide for researchers engaged in or interested in engaging in the field of photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. PEC water splitting is a rapidly growing field of research in which the goal is to develop materials which can absorb the energy from sunlight to drive electrochemical hydrogen production from the splitting of water. The substantial complexity in the scientific understanding and experimental protocols needed to sufficiently pursue accurate and reliable materials development means that a large need exists to consolidate and standardize the most common methods utilized by researchers in this field.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Alternative Energy - Electrodes - Hydrogen Detection - Hydrogen Production - PEC - Photoelectochemical Water Splitting - Photovoltaics - UV-Vis - Water Splitting

Related subjects » Electrochemistry - Optical & Electronic Materials - Systems, Storage and Harvesting

Table of contents 

Preface 1. Introduction 2. Efficiency Definitions 3. Experimental Considerations 3.1 Electrode Preparation and Surface Area Determination 3.2 Cell Setup and Connections for 3- and 2-Electrode Configurations 3.3 Catalyst Surface Treatments 3.4 Spectral Standards 4. PEC Characterization Flowchart 5. UV-Vis Optical Characterization 6. Flatband Potential Measurement Techniques 6.1 Illuminated Open Circuit Potential 6.2 Mott-Schottky 6.3 3-Electrode j-V and Photocurrent Onset 7. Incident Photon-to-current Conversion Efficiency/Photocurrent Spectroscopy 8. 2-Electrode Short Circuit Current Density 9. Hydrogen Detection 10. Stability Testing Index

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