Catalysts, heterogeneous, homogeneous and enzyme, are usually nanoparticles. These are of vital for the functioning of the human body, for photosynthesis, and for producing fuels and chemicals in the petroleum and chemical industries. Interest in nanoscience and in nanotechnology in recent years focused attention on the opportunity to develop catalysts that exhibit 100% selectivity for a desired product, thus removing byproducts and eliminating waste. This type of selective process is often called green chemistry or green technology. This book is mainly based on the first and second symposia on Nanotechnology 51 in Catalysis which were held in spring 2001 at the ACS 221 National Meeting in San Diego, CA, and in fall 2002 at the ACS 2241h National Meeting in Boston, MA, respectively. We also extended our invitation to those who did not attend the meetings to contribute chapters where we saw a need to round out the scope of the topic. All chapters were peer-reviewed prior to final acceptance. We believe that the additional chapters and the peer-review significantly improved the quality of the book. In the summer of 2000 when we first proposed to organize a symposium on Nanotechnology in Catalysis to the ACS Secretariat of Catalysis and Surface Science (CATL), we received strong support from Dr. Nancy B. Jackson, then General Secretary of CATL. The symposium was enthusiastically received by the catalysis community. On the first day of the symposium, the conference room could not hold all the attendees.
1. Catalysis and Nanoscience; J. Grunes, J. Zhu, G.A. Somorjai.
2. Novel Catalytic Properties of Bimetallic Surface Nanostructures; N.A. Khan, J.R. Kitchin, V. Schwartz, L.E. Murillo, K.M. Bulanin, J.G. Chen.
3. Molecular Mixed-Metal Clusters as Precursors for Highly Active Supported Bimetallic Nanoparticles; S. Hermans, T. Khimyak, R. Raja, G. Sankar, J.M. Thomas, B.F.G. Johnson.
4. Wet Chemical Synthesis of Nanoparticles; K.S. Nagabhushana, H. Bönnemann.
5. Roadmap to new catalyst system: Palladium nanoparticles; A. Beck, A. Horváth, A. Sárkány, L. Guczi.
6. Gold Nanoparticles Formed within Ordered Mesoporous Silica and on Amorphous Silica; R. Kumar, A. Ghosh, C.R. Patra, P. Mukherjee, M. Sastry. \
7. Multifunctional Catalysts for Singlewall Carbon Nanotube Synthesis; T. Guo.
8. Nickel and Ruthenium Nanoparticles as Catalysts for Growth of Carbon Nanotubes and Nanohorns; J. Geng, B.F.G Johnson.
9. A Novel Route to Prepare Pt-Based Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol (Ethanol) Fuel Cells; W.J. Zhou, B. Zhou, Z.H. Zhou, W.Z. Li, S.Q. Song, Z. Wei, G.Q. Sun, Q. Xin.
10. Pt-Ru/Carbon Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization and Performance as DMFC Anode Catalysts; W.D. King, E.S. Steigerwalt, G.A. Deluga, J.D. Corn, D.L. Boxall, J.T. Moore, D. Chu, R. Jiang, E.A. Kenik, C.M. Lukehart.
11. Nanostructured Gold and Alloy Electrocatalysts; C.J. Zhong, J. Luo, M.M. Maye, L. Han, N. Kariuki.
12. Shape-Selective Regiospecific and Bifunctional Nanoporous Catalysts for Single Step Solvent Free Processes; R. Raja,J.M. Thomas.
13. Nanofunctionalized Microporous Catalysts; J.F. Haw, D.M. Marcus.
14. New Catalytic Materials for Clean Technology: Structure-Reactivity Relationships in Mesoporous Solid Acid Catalysts; K. Wilson, A.F. Lee, M.A. Ecormier, D.J. Macquarrie, J.H. Clark.
15. Mesoporous Materials as Catalyst Supports; C.L. Chen, C.Y. Mou.
16. Microwave-Induced Synthesis and Fabrication of Nanoporous Materials; S.-E. Park, Y.K. Hwang, D.S. Kim, J.-S. Chang, J.S. Hwang, S.H. Jhung.
17. Nanosized &bgr; Zeolites and Their Composites as Catalysts for Acylation and Alkane Isomerization; Y.R. Wang, E.Z. Min, X.H. Mu. Index. Volume 2:
18. Advanced Electron Microscopy in Developing Nanostructured Heterogeneous Catalysts; J. Liu.
19. Nano-Scale Characterisation of Supported Phases in Catalytic Materials by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy; R.T. Baker, S. Bernal, J.J. Calvino, J.A. Pérez-Omil, C. López-Cartes.
20. Solid State Physics and Synchrotron Radiation Techniques to Understand Heterogeneous Catalysis; D.C. Bazin.
21. Design, Building, Characterization and Performance at the Nanometric Scale of Heterogeneous Catalysts; J.-M. Basset, J.-P. Candy, C. Copéret, F. Lefebvre, E.A. Quadrelli.
22. Modelling Transition Metal Nanoparticles: the Role of Size Reduction in Electronic Structure and Catalysis; L. Guczi, Z. Pászti, G. Peto.
23. Nanoscale Dendrimer-Supported Hydrofomylation Catalysts for Membrane Separations; M.L. Tulchinsky, J.C. Hatfield.
24. The Catalytic/Oxidative Effects of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles on