2012, XXXIII, 506 p. 168 illus., 114 illus. in color.
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This volume covers and updates the “hot” topic of biofuels, with numerous international meetings, conferences, congresses, and books on biofuels. Our 61 experts from several countries contributed 26 chapters to The Science of Algal Fuels. Each chapter has been composed as a review article and contains many references for further studies and has been peer reviewed. The target audience of this volume is workers in biofuels, graduate students in biochemistry and lecturers of phycology and biochemistry of the algal world. Algae, seaweeds and cyanobacteria, who are our stars in this book, live in marine and terrestrial habitats and require the Sun for energy, CO2 and aqueous surroundings. Since it is easy to culture algae in a large scale and they yield abundant biomass in a short period, there are farms that grow them in ponds for extracting their natural products. Micro and macro (seaweeds) can produce cheap and plentiful biofuel, biodiesel, or ethanol. The phycological yield to synthesize ethanol is 7.5 times higher than from a similar area of a sugar cane field. Biofuel (such as algal products) may soon be cheaper than the commercial pumping of underground and sea bottom fossil-oil, which causes more air pollution and depends upon political decisions from unstable countries. Industry seeks cheaper and more stable sources of fuel and algal fuel might be a good solution. Thus biofuel (biodiesel, oils, ethanol) might free us from unstable regimes with their “dark gold” sources, and from up and down oil prices. Unfortunately we have not yet reached this level as yet in spite of numerous contestants in this developing research. The industry is at present not in full gear to produce a substantial yield of biofuel from algae. Algal fuel is still a long range of strategy that will involve more R&D. Our hope is that this book will encourage the workers in this field to reach this “promised land” of algal biofuels in the not too distant future.
Dedication Introduction to The Science of Algal Fuels: Phycology, Geology, Biophotonics, Genomics and Nanotechnology; J. Seckbach and R. Gordon Preface to The Science of Algal Fuels: Phycology, Geology, Biophotonics, Genomics and Nanotechnology; R. Gordon and J. Seckbach Foreword: The Production of Algal Biofuels; L. Reijnders Acknowledgements PART 1:METHODS AND WAYS OF RESEARCH Quitting cold turkey: rapid oil independence for the USA; R. Gordon and B.J. Poulin Algal biorefinery: sustainable production of biofuels and aquaculture feed? F. Ahmed, Y. Li and P.M. Schenk Approaches and prospectives for algal fuel; A.K. Bajhaiya, M.R. Suseela and P.W. Ramteka From isolation of potential microalgal strains to strain engineering for biofuel; P. Bhargava, and .K. Mohan Integrated approach to algae production for biofuel utilizing robust algal species; A. Dahiya Biological constraints on the production of microalgal-based biofuels; J.G. Day and M.S. Stanley Adapting mass algaculture for a northern climate; J. McNichol and P. McGinn Nanotechnology for algal biofuels; M. Pattarkine and V.M. Pattarkine From algae to biofuel - engineering aspects; V.M. Pattarkine and D.C. Kannan Making fuel from algae: identifying fact amid fiction; C.J. Rhodes Algal oils: biosynthesis and uses; M. Topf, M. Tavasi, Y. Kinel-Tahan, D. Iluz, Z. Dubinsky. and Y. Yehoshua Algal biofuel production through integrated biorefinery; D. Sahoo, S. Kumar, G. Elangbam and S.S. Devi PART 2: PRODUCTION OF BIODIESELS AND HYDROGEN| Dinoflagellates as feedstock for biodiesel production; C. Fuentes-Grünewald Biodiesel production from microalgae: methods for microalgal lipid assessment with emphasis on the use of flow cytometry; M.T. Lopes da Silva and A. Reis Approaches to and perspectives on biodiesel and oil production using algae in Mexico; R. Riosmena-Rodríguez, B.O. Arredondo-Vega, T. Reynoso-Granados, M. Cordoba, J.M. López-Vivas and J.M. López-Calderon Biodiesel production from microalgae: a mapping of articles and patents; A.M. Rocha, d. Sahoo, T. Ferrer, C. Quintella and E. Torres Biotechnology of hydrogen production with the microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii; G. Torzillo, G. Faraloni and L. Gianelli PART 3: ALGAE FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION How to breed diatoms: examination of two species with contrasting reproductive biology; V.A. Chepurnov, P. Chaerle and D.G. Mann Fuel from seaweeds: rationale and feasibility; A. Reznik and A. Israel The contribution of diatoms to worldwide crude oil deposits; S.K. Shukla and R. Mohan Photobiology and lipid metabolism in algae; K. Spilling and J. Seppälä Metabolic pathways in green algae with potential value for biofuels production; V. Subramanian, A. Dubini M. Seibert PART 4: FROM WASTE WATER TO FUEL PRODUCTION Wastewater treatment pond algal production for biofuel; R.J. Craggs, T. Lundquist and J. Benemann Wastewater treatment integrated with algae production for biofuel; A. Dahiya, J. Todd and A. McInnis Sub-and supercritical water based processes for microalgae to biofuels; S. Kumar