ISBN: 3790814598
TITLE: The Dynamics of Judical Proof
AUTHOR: MacCrimmon
TOC:
Notes on Contributors xi
Acknowledgments xix
INTRODUCTION
Making Sense of the Process of Proof in Litigation 3
Peter Tillers
PART ONE: COMMON SENSE REASONING
Artificial Intelligence, Mindreading, and Reasoning in Law 21
John A. Barnden and Donald M. Peterson
Common Sense, Rationality and the Legal Process 43
Ronald J. Allen
What is "Common" about Common Sense? Cautionary Tales for Travelers Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries 55
Marilyn MacCrimmon
PART Two: Fuzzy AND ROUGH LOGIC
From Computing with Numbers to Computing with Words: From Manipulation of Measurements to Manipulation of Perceptions 81
Lotfi A. Zadeh
Fuzzy Logic and Its Application to Legal Reasoning - A Comment to Professor Zadeb 119
Ron A. Shapira
A Primer on Rough Sets: A New Approach to Drawing Conclusions from Data 135
Zdzislaw Pawlak
PART THREE: THE STRUCTURE OF FACTUAL INFERENCE IN JUDICIAL SETTINGS
Alternative Views of Argument Construction from a Mass of Evidence 145
David A. Schum
Explaining Relevance 179
Paolo Garbolino
Theories of Uncertainty: Explaining the Possible Sources of Error in Inferences 197
Vern R. Walker
Models of Data Generation vs. Models of Events that Generate Data 237
Ward Edwards
PART FOUR: DYNAMIC INFERENCE AND CHOICE IN DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTS
Action and Procedure in Reasoning 243
Johan van Benthem
Decision Analysis and Law 261
Ronald A. Howard
PART FIVE: ABDUCTIVE INFERENCE
Serendipity and Abduction in Proofs, Presumptions and Emerging Laws 273
Pek van Andel and Daničle Bourcier
On the Proof Dynamics of Inference to the Best Explanation 287
John R. Josephson
Species of Abductive Reasoning in Fact Investigation in Law 307
David A. Schum
Abductive Reasoning in Law: Taxonomy and Inference to the Best Explanation 337
Kola Abimbola
PART SIX: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: "INTELLIGENT" PROCEDURES FOR DRAWING INFERENCES IN STATIC AND DYNAMIC LEGAL ENVIRONMENT
Computational Inference for Evidential Reasoning in Support of Judicial Proof 345
Tod S. Levitt and Kathryn Blackmond Laskey
Logical Argumentation, Abduction and Bayesian Decision Theory: A Bayesian Approach to Logical Arguments and Its Application to Legal Evidential Reasoning 385
David Poole
Structured Deliberation for Dynamic Uncertain Inference 397
Paul Snow and Marianne Belis
PART SEVEN: JUDICIAL PROOF AND ECONOMIC RATIONALITY
Saving Desdemona 419
Ron A. Shapira
Othello Could Not Optimize: Economics, Hearsay, and Less Adversary Systems 437
Craig R. Gallen
PART EIGHT: CAUSALITY
Causality and Responsibility
Glenn Shafer
Liability for Increased Risk of Harm: A Lawyer's Response to Professor Shafer 479
Melanie B. Leslie
END