Updates the comprehensive overview of the wide range of ideas, methodologies, and synergistic forces that combine to form the pre-eminent decision-aiding fields of operations research and management science (OR/MS). Each contributed topic has been authored by a leading authoritative researcher on that particular topic. Saul Gass was a major contributing researcher to the field since its birth in the 1940s.
The goal of the Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science is to provide decision makers and problem solvers in business, industry, government, and academia a comprehensive overview of the wide range of ideas, methodologies, and synergistic forces that combine to form the preeminent decision-aiding fields of operations research and management science (OR/MS). The impact of OR/MS on the quality of life and economic well being of everyone is a story that deserves to be told in its full detail and glory. The Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science is the prologue to that story.
The editors, working with the Encyclopedia’s Editorial Advisory Board, surveyed and divided OR/MS into specific topics that collectively encompass the foundations, applications, and emerging elements of this ever-changing field. We also wanted to establish the close associations that OR/MS has maintained with other scientific endeavors, with special emphasis on its symbiotic relationships with computer science, information systems, and mathematics. Based on our broad view of OR/MS, we enlisted a distinguished international group of academics and practitioners to contribute articles on subjects for which they are renowned. We commissioned over 200 major expository articles and complemented them by numerous descriptions, discussions, definitions, and abbreviations. The connections between topics are highlighted by an entry’s final “See” statement, as appropriate. Each article provides a background or history of the topic, describes relevant applications, overviews present and future trends, and lists seminal and current references. To allow for variety in exposition, the authors were instructed to present their material from their research and applied perspectives. In particular, the authors, each of whom is a leading authority on the particular subject, were allowed to use whatever mathematical notation they felt was standard for their topics.
The Encyclopedia’s intended audience is technically diverse and wide; it includes anyone concerned with the science, techniques, and ideas of how one makes decisions. As this audience encompasses many professions, educational background and skills, we were attentive to the form, format, and scope of the articles. Thus, the articles are designed to serve as initial sources of information for all such readers, with special emphasis on the needs of students.
Many of the 2nd edition articles have been updated by the original authors, with a few being totally rewritten by new authors. In addition, the following completely new articles have been added, each of which either describes a new topic or replaces a previous short entry:
Air Traffic Management
Approximate Dynamic Programming
Closed-loop Supply Chains
Combinatorial Auction Theory
Conditional Value at Risk
Critical Systems Thinking
Decision Analysis Practice
Disease Prevention, Detection, and Treatment
Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Fuzzy Sets, Systems, and Applications
Health Care Management
Health Care Strategic Decision Making
Hit and Run Methods
Markov Chain Monte Carlo
Open Source Software (and COIN-OR)
Operational Research Society
Quadratic Assignment Problem
Rare Event Simulation
Response Surface Methodology
Sample Average Approximation
Statistical Ranking and Selection
Stochastic Input Model Selection
Distribution rights for India: Delhi Book Store, New Delhi, India