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Birkhäuser - Birkhäuser Mathematics | General Lattice Theory - Second edition

General Lattice Theory

Second edition

Grätzer, George

2nd ed. 1996, XIX, 663p.

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From the first edition: "This book combines the techniques of an introductory text with those of a monograph to introduce the general reader to lattice theory and to bring the expert up to date on the most recent developments. The first chapter, along with a selection of topics from later chapters, can serve as an introductory course covering first concepts, distributive, modular, semimodular, and geometric lattices, and so on. About 900 exercises and almost 130 diagrams help the beginner to learn the basic results and important techniques. The latter parts of each chapter give deeper developments of the fields mentioned above and there are chapters on equational classes (varieties) and free products. More advanced readers will find the almost 200 research problems, the extensive bibliography, and the further topics and references at the end of each chapter of special use."

In this present edition, the work has been significantly updated and expanded. It contains an extensive new bibliography of 530 items and has been supplemented by eight appendices authored by an exceptional group of experts. The first appendix, written by the author, briefly reviews developments in lattice theory, specifically, the major results of the last 20 years and solutions of the problems proposed in the first edition. The other subjects concern distributive lattices and duality (Brian A. Davey and Hilary A. Priestley), continuous geometries (Friedrich Wehrung), projective lattice geometries (Marcus Greferath and Stefan E. Schmidt), varieties (Peter Jipsen and Henry Rose), free lattices (Ralph Freese), formal concept analysis (Bernhard Ganter and Rudolf Wille), and congruence lattices (Thomas Schmidt in collaboration with the author).

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Lattice theory - YellowSale2006 - universal algebra

Related subjects » Birkhäuser Mathematics

Table of contents 

I First Concepts.- 1 Two Definitions of Lattices.- 2 How to Describe Lattices.- 3 Some Algebraic Concepts.- 4 Polynomials, Identities, and Inequalities.- 5 Free Lattices.- 6 Special Elements.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- II Distributive Lattices.- 1 Characterization and Representation Theorems.- 2 Polynomials and Freeness.- 3 Congruence Relations.- 4 Boolean Algebras.- 5 Topological Representation.- 6 Pseudocomplementation.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- III Congruences and Ideals.- 1 Weak Projectivity and Congruences.- 2 Distributive, Standard, and Neutral Elements.- 3 Distributive, Standard, and Neutral Ideals.- 4 Structure Theorems.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- IV Modular and Semimodular Lattices.- 1 Modular Lattices.- 2 Semimodular Lattices.- 3 Geometric Lattices.- 4 Partition Lattices.- 5 Complemented Modular Lattices.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- V Varieties of Lattices.- 1 Characterizations of Varieties.- 2 The Lattice of Varieties of Lattices.- 3 Finding Equational Bases.- 4 The Amalgamation Property.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- VI Free Products.- 1 Free Products of Lattices.- 2 The Structure of Free Lattices.- 3 Reduced Free Products.- 4 Hopfian Lattices.- Further Topics and References.- Problems.- Concluding Remarks.- Table of Notation.- A Retrospective.- 1 Major Advances.- 2 Notes on Chapter I.- 3 Notes on Chapter II.- 4 Notes on Chapter III.- 5 Notes on Chapter IV.- 6 Notes on Chapter V.- 7 Notes on Chapter VI.- 8 Lattices and Universal Algebras.- B Distributive Lattices and Duality by B. Davey, II. Priestley.- 1 Introduction.- 2 Basic Duality.- 3 Distributive Lattices with Additional Operations.- 4 Distributive Lattices with V-preserving Operators, and Beyond.- 5 The Natural Perspective.- 6 Congruence Properties.- 7 Freeness, Coproducts, and Injectivity.- C Congruence Lattices by G. Gratzer, E. T. Schmidt.- 1 The Finite Case.- 2 The General Case.- 3 Complete Congruences.- D Continuous Geometry by F. Wehrung.- 1 The von Neumann Coordinatization Theorem.- 2 Continuous Geometries and Related Topics.- E Projective Lattice Geometries by M. Greferath, S. Schmidt.- 1 Background.- 2 A Unified Approach to Lattice Geometry.- 3 Residuated Maps.- F Varieties of Lattices by P. Jipsen, H. Rose.- 1 The Lattice A.- 2 Generating Sets of Varieties.- 3 Equational Bases.- 4 Amalgamation and Absolute Retracts.- 5 Congruence Varieties.- G Free Lattices by R. Frecse.- 1 Whitman’s Solutions; Basic Results.- 2 Classical Results.- 3 Covers in Free Lattices.- 4 Semisingular Elements and Tschantz’s Theorem.- 5 Applications and Related Areas.- H Formal Concept Analysis by B. Cantor and R. Wille.- 1 Formal Contexts and Concept Lattices.- 2 Applications.- 3 Sublattices and Quotient Lattices.- 4 Subdirect Products and Tensor Products.- 5 Lattice Properties.- New Bibliography.

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