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Birkhäuser - Birkhäuser Mathematics | Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws - The Theory of Classical and Nonclassical Shock Waves

Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws

The Theory of Classical and Nonclassical Shock Waves

LeFloch, Philippe G.

2002, X, 294 p.

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  • About this book

This set of lecture notes was written for a Nachdiplom-Vorlesungen course given at the Forschungsinstitut fUr Mathematik (FIM), ETH Zurich, during the Fall Semester 2000. I would like to thank the faculty of the Mathematics Department, and especially Rolf Jeltsch and Michael Struwe, for giving me such a great opportunity to deliver the lectures in a very stimulating environment. Part of this material was also taught earlier as an advanced graduate course at the Ecole Poly technique (Palaiseau) during the years 1995-99, at the Instituto Superior Tecnico (Lisbon) in the Spring 1998, and at the University of Wisconsin (Madison) in the Fall 1998. This project started in the Summer 1995 when I gave a series of lectures at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (Bangalore). One main objective in this course is to provide a self-contained presentation of the well-posedness theory for nonlinear hyperbolic systems of first-order partial differential equations in divergence form, also called hyperbolic systems of con­ servation laws. Such equations arise in many areas of continuum physics when fundamental balance laws are formulated (for the mass, momentum, total energy . . . of a fluid or solid material) and small-scale mechanisms can be neglected (which are induced by viscosity, capillarity, heat conduction, Hall effect . . . ). Solutions to hyper­ bolic conservation laws exhibit singularities (shock waves), which appear in finite time even from smooth initial data.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Partial differential equations - Phase - Potential - Wave - compressible fluids - hyperbolic equation - linearity - partial differential equation - shock waves

Related subjects » Birkhäuser Mathematics

Table of contents 

I. Fundamental concepts and examples.- 1. Hyperbolicity, genuine nonlinearity, and entropies.- 2. Shock formation and weak solutions.- 3. Singular limits and the entropy inequality.- 4. Examples of diffusive-dispersive models.- 5. Kinetic relations and traveling waves.- 1. Scalar Conservation Laws.- II. The Riemann problem.- 1. Entropy conditions.- 2. Classical Riemann solver.- 3. Entropy dissipation function.- 4. Nonclassical Riemann solver for concave-convex flux.- 5. Nonclassical Riemann solver for convex-concave flux.- III. Diffusive-dispersive traveling waves.- 1. Diffusive traveling waves.- 2. Kinetic functions for the cubic flux.- 3. Kinetic functions for general flux.- 4. Traveling waves for a given speed.- 5. Traveling waves for a given diffusion-dispersion ratio.- IV. Existence theory for the Cauchy problem.- 1. Classical entropy solutions for convex flux.- 2. Classical entropy solutions for general flux.- 3. Nonclassical entropy solutions.- 4. Refined estimates.- V. Continuous dependence of solutions.- 1. A class of linear hyperbolic equations.- 2. L1 continuous dependence estimate.- 3. Sharp version of the continuous dependence estimate.- 4. Generalizations.- 2. Systems of Conservation Laws.- VI. The Riemann problem.- 1. Shock and rarefaction waves.- 2. Classical Riemann solver.- 3. Entropy dissipation and wave sets.- 4. Kinetic relation and nonclassical Riemann solver.- VII. Classical entropy solutions of the Cauchy problem.- 1. Glimm interaction estimates.- 2. Existence theory.- 3. Uniform estimates.- 4. Pointwise regularity properties.- VIII. Nonclassical entropy solutions of the Cauchy problem.- 1. A generalized total variation functional.- 2. A generalized weighted interaction potential.- 3. Existence theory.- 4. Pointwise regularity properties.- IX. Continuous dependence of solutions.- 1. A class of linear hyperbolic systems.- 2. L1 continuous dependence estimate.- 3. Sharp version of the continuous dependence estimate.- 4. Generalizations.- X. Uniqueness of entropy solutions.- 1. Admissible entropy solutions.- 2. Tangency property.- 3. Uniqueness theory.- 4. Applications.

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