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Systematically surveys the range of available tools from analytic number theory that can be applied to study the density of rational points on projective varieties
Rapidly guides the reader to the many areas of ongoing research in the domain
Includes an extensive bibliography
OverthemillenniaDiophantineequationshavesuppliedanextremelyfertilesource ofproblems. Their study hasilluminated everincreasingpoints ofcontactbetween very di?erent subject areas, including algebraic geometry, mathematical logic, - godictheoryandanalyticnumber theory. Thefocus ofthis bookisonthe interface of algebraic geometry with analytic number theory, with the basic aim being to highlight the ro ˆle that analytic number theory has to play in the study of D- phantine equations. Broadly speaking, analytic number theory can be characterised as a subject concerned with counting interesting objects. Thus, in the setting of Diophantine geometry, analytic number theory is especially suited to questions concerning the “distribution” of integral and rational points on algebraic varieties. Determining the arithmetic of a?ne varieties, both qualitatively and quantitatively, is much more complicated than for projective varieties. Given the breadth of the domain and the inherent di?culties involved, this book is therefore dedicated to an exp- ration of the projective setting. This book is based on a short graduate course given by the author at the I. C. T. P School and Conference on Analytic Number Theory, during the period 23rd April to 11th May, 2007. It is a pleasure to thank Professors Balasubra- nian, Deshouillers and Kowalski for organising this meeting. Thanks are also due to Michael Harvey and Daniel Loughran for spotting several typographical errors in an earlier draft of this book. Over the years, the author has greatly bene?ted fromdiscussing mathematicswithProfessorsde la Bret` eche,Colliot-Th´ el` ene,F- vry, Hooley, Salberger, Swinnerton-Dyer and Wooley.
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Diophantine equation - Manin conjectures - del Pezzo surfaces - number theory - uniform bounds
The Manin conjectures.- The dimension growth conjecture.- Uniform bounds for curves and surfaces.- A1 del Pezzo surface of degree 6.- D4 del Pezzo surface of degree 3.- Siegel’s lemma and non-singular surfaces.- The Hardy—Littlewood circle method.