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Birkhäuser - Birkhäuser Engineering | The Symmetry Perspective - From Equilibrium to Chaos in Phase Space and Physical Space

The Symmetry Perspective

From Equilibrium to Chaos in Phase Space and Physical Space

Series: Progress in Mathematics, Vol. 200

Golubitsky, Martin, Stewart, Ian

2002, XVII, 325 p.

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Pattern formation in physical systems is one of the major research frontiers of mathematics. A central theme of this book is that many instances of pattern formation can be understood within a single framework: symmetry.

The book applies symmetry methods to increasingly complex kinds of dynamic behavior: equilibria, period-doubling, time-periodic states, homoclinic and heteroclinic orbits, and chaos. Examples are drawn from both ODEs and PDEs. In each case the type of dynamical behavior being studied is motivated through applications, drawn from a wide variety of scientific disciplines ranging from theoretical physics to evolutionary biology. An extensive bibliography is provided.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Analysis - Chaos - Vibration - chaos theory - model - modeling

Related subjects » Birkhäuser Engineering - Birkhäuser Mathematics

Table of contents 

1. Steady-State Bifurcation.- 1.1. Two Examples.- 1.2. Symmetries of Differential Equations.- 1.3. Liapunov-Schmidt Reduction.- 1.4. The Equivariant Branching Lemma.- 1.5. Application to Speciation.- 1.6. Observational Evidence.- 1.7. Modeling Issues: Imperfect Symmetry.- 1.8. Generalization to Partial Differential Equations.- 2. Linear Stability.- 2.1. Symmetry of the Jacobian.- 2.2. Isotypic Components.- 2.3. General Comments on Stability of Equilibria.- 2.4. Hilbert Bases and Equivariant Mappings.- 2.5. Model-Independent Results for D3Steady-State Bifurcation.- 2.6. Invariant Theory for SN.- 2.7. Cubic Terms in the Speciation Model.- 2.8. Steady-State Bifurcations in Reaction-Diffusion Systems.- 3. Time Periodicity and Spatio-Temporal Symmetry.- 3.1. Animal Gaits and Space-Time Symmetries.- 3.2. Symmetries of Periodic Solutions.- 3.3. A Characterization of Possible Spatio-Temporal Symmetries.- 3.4. Rings of Cells.- 3.5. An Eight-Cell Locomotor CPG Model.- 3.6. Multifrequency Oscillations.- 3.7. A General Definition of a Coupled Cell Network.- 4. Hopf Bifurcation with Symmetry.- 4.1. Linear Analysis.- 4.2. The Equivariant Hopf Theorem.- 4.3. Poincaré-Birkhoff Normal Form.- 4.4. ?(2) Phase-Amplitude Equations.- 4.5. Traveling Waves and Standing Waves.- 4.6. Spiral Waves and Target Patterns.- 4.7. ?(2) Hopf Bifurcation in Reaction-Diffusion Equations.- 4.8. Hopf Bifurcation in Coupled Cell Networks.- 4.9. Dynamic Symmetries Associated to Bifurcation.- 5. Steady-State Bifurcations in Euclidean Equivariant Systems.- 5.1. Translation Symmetry, Rotation Symmetry, and Dispersion Curves.- 5.2. Lattices, Dual Lattices, and Fourier Series.- 5.3. Actions on Kernels and Axial Subgroups.- 5.4. Reaction-Diffusion Systems.- 5.5. Pseudoscalar Equations.- 5.6. The Primary Visual Cortex.- 5.7. The Planar Bénard Experiment.- 5.8. Liquid Crystals.- 5.9. Pattern Selection: Stability of Planforms.- 6. Bifurcation From Group Orbits.- 6.1. The Couette-Taylor Experiment.- 6.2. Bifurcations From Group Orbits of Equilibria.- 6.3. Relative Periodic Orbits.- 6.4. Hopf Bifurcation from Rotating Waves to Quasiperiodic Motion.- 6.5. Modulated Waves in Circular Domains.- 6.6. Spatial Patterns.- 6.7. Meandering of Spiral Waves.- 7. Hidden Symmetry and Genericity.- 7.1. The Faraday Experiment.- 7.2. Hidden Symmetry in PDEs.- 7.3. The Faraday Experiment Revisited.- 7.4. Mode Interactions and Higher-Dimensional Domains.- 7.5. Lapwood Convection.- 7.6. Hemispherical Domains.- 8. Heteroclinic Cycles.- 8.1. The Guckenheimer-Holmes Example.- 8.2. Heteroclinic Cycles by Group Theory.- 8.3. Pipe Systems and Bursting.- 8.4. Cycling Chaos.- 9. Symmetric Chaos.- 9.1. Admissible Subgroups.- 9.2. Invariant Measures and Ergodic Theory.- 9.3. Detectives.- 9.4. Instantaneous and Average Symmetries, and Patterns on Average.- 9.5. Synchrony of Chaotic Oscillations and Bubbling Bifurcations.- 10. Periodic Solutions of Symmetric Hamiltonian Systems.- 10.1. The Equivariant Moser-Weinstein Theorem.- 10.2. Many-Body Problems.- 10.3. Spatio-Temporal Symmetries in Hamiltonian Systems.- 10.4. Poincaré-Birkhoff Normal Form.- 10.5. Linear Stability.- 10.6. Molecular Vibrations.

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