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Biomedical Sciences - Pharmacology & Toxicology | Antiviral Methods and Protocols

Antiviral Methods and Protocols

Series: Methods in Molecular Biology, Vol. 1030

Gong, Edwin Yunhao (Ed.)

2nd ed. 2013, XIV, 452 p. 52 illus., 28 illus. in color.

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  • Features all new techniques for antiviral research
  • Contains detailed protocols from labs around the world
  • Includes expert tips and key implementation advice to ensure successful results

Although antiviral drugs have been successfully developed for some viral diseases, there remains a clear, unmet medical need to develop novel antiviral agents for the control and management of many viruses that currently have no or limited treatment options as well as a need to overcome the limitations associated with the existing antiviral drugs, such as adverse effects and emergence of drug-resistant mutations. The second edition of Antiviral Methods and Protocols features:

  • All chapters are new and written by experts in the field, reflecting the major recent technical advances in antiviral research and discovery.
  • This edition focuses on many important human viruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), hepatitis viruses (hepatitis B and C viruses), herpes viruses, human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and influenza virus, while also featuring some important emerging viruses, such as dengue virus, West Nile virus, and chikungunya virus. 
  • As a volume in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.


Comprehensive and cutting-edge, Antiviral Methods and Protocols, Second Edition will serve as an excellent laboratory reference for pharmaceutical and academic biologists, medicinal chemists, and pharmacologists as well as for virologists in the field of antiviral research and drug discovery.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » Antiviral drugs - Dengue virus - HIV-1 - Hepatitis - Human viruses - Influenza - Respiratory viruses

Related subjects » Pharmacology & Toxicology - Virology

Table of contents 

Part I: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)


1. A Fluorescence-Based High Throughput Screening Assay to Identify HIV-1 Inhibitors

            Peggy Geluykens, Koen Van Acker, Johan Vingerhoets, Christel Van den Eynde, Marnix Van Loock, and Géry Dams


2. A Homogeneous Time-Resolved Fluorescence Assay to Identify Inhibitors of HIV-1 Fusion

            Liesbet Smeulders, Lieve Bunkens, Inge Vereycken, Koen Van Acker, Pascale Holemans, Emmanuel Gustin, Marnix Van Loock, and Géry Dams


3. Identification of HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors Using a Scintillation Proximity Assay

            Bertrand Van Schoubroeck, Marnix Van Loock, Tania Ivens, Pascale Dehertogh, Dirk Jochmans, and Géry Dams


4. Biochemical Screening Assays to Identify HIV-1 Integrase Inhibitors

            Marleen Clynhens, Alexandra Smets, Inge Vereycken, Marnix Van Loock, Reginald Clayton, Geert Meersseman, and Olivia Goethals


5. HIV-1 Genotyping of the Protease-Reverse Transcriptase and Integrase Genes to Detect Mutations that Confer Anti-Retroviral Resistance

            Peter Van den Eede, Liesbeth Van Wesenbeeck, Yvan Verlinden, Maxim Feyaerts, Veerle Smits, Ann Verheyen, Leen Vanhooren, Alain Deloof, Jorge Villacian, and Theresa Pattery


Part II: Hepatitis Viruses


6. In Vitro Kinetic Profiling of Hepatitis C Virus NS3 Protease Inhibitors by Progress Curve Analysis

            Rumin Zhang and William T. Windsor


7. A Novel Hepatitis C Virus NS5B Polymerase Assay of De Novo Initiated RNA Synthesis Directed from a Heteropolymeric RNA Template

            Eric Ferrari and Hsueh-Cheng Huang


8. Selecting and Characterizing Drug-Resistant Hepatitis C Virus Replicon

            Inge Vliegen, Leen Delang, and Johan Neyts


9. A Cellular Replicon-Based Phenotyping Assay to Determine Susceptibility of Hepatitis C Virus Clinical Isolates to NS3/4A Protease Inhibitors

            Leen Vijgen, Jannick Verbeeck, Barbara Van Kerckhove, Jan Martin Berke, Diana Koletzki, Gregory Fanning, and Oliver Lenz


10. Expression and Purification of Hepatitis C Virus Protease from Clinical Samples

            Liesbet van der Helm


11. Surface Plasmon Resonance as a Tool to Select Potent Drug Candidates for Hepatitis C Virus NS5B Polymerase

            Erna Cleiren, Benoit Devogelaere, and Katleen Fierens


12. Amplification and Sequencing of the Hepatitis C Virus NS3/4A Protease and the NS5B Polymerase Regions for Genotypic Resistance Detection of Clinical Isolates of Subtypes 1a and 1b

            Diana Koletzki, Theresa Pattery, Bart Fevery, Leen Vanhooren, and Lieven J. Stuyver


13. A Southern Blot Assay for Detection of Hepatitis B Virus Covalently Closed Circular DNA from Cell Cultures

            Dawei Cai, Hui Nie, Ran Yan, Ju-Tao Guo, Timothy M. Block, and Haitao Guo


14. In Vitro Phenotyping of Recombinant Hepatitis B Virus Containing the Polymerase/Reverse Transcriptase Gene from Clinical Isolates

            Yang Liu and Kathryn M. Kitrinos


Part III: Flaviviruses


15. Cell-Based Antiviral Assays for Screening and Profiling Inhibitors Against Dengue Virus

            Edwin Yunhao Gong, Marleen Clynhens, Tania Ivens, Pedro Lory, Kenny Simmen, and Guenter Kraus


16. A Duplex Real-Time RT-PCR Assay for Profiling Inhibitors of Four Dengue Serotypes

            Edwin Yunhao Gong, Alexandra Smets, Nick Verheyen, Marleen Clynhens, Emmanuel Gustin, Pedro Lory, and Guenter Kraus


17. High Throughput Screening Using Dengue Virus Reporter Genomes

            Wolfgang Fischl and Ralf Bartenschlager


18. Fluorimetric and HPLC-Based Dengue Virus Protease Assays Using a FRET Substrate

            Christoph Nitsche and Christian D. Klein


19. Expression and Purification of Dengue Virus NS5 Polymerase and Development of a High Throughput Enzymatic Assay for Screening Inhibitors of Dengue Polymerase

            Edwin Yunhao Gong, Hannah Kenens, Tania Ivens, Koen Dockx, Katrien Vermeiren, Geneviève Vandercruyssen, Benoit Devogelaere, Pedro Lory, and Guenter Kraus


20. Detection and Quantification of Flavivirus NS5 Methyl-transferase Activities

            Siew Pheng Lim, Christophe Bodenreider , and Pei-Yong Shi


21. Testing Antiviral Compounds in a Dengue Mouse Model

            Wouter Schul, Andy Yip, and Pei-Yong Shi


22. Construction of Self-Replicating Subgenomic West Nile Virus Replicons for Screening Antiviral Compounds

            Sofia L. Alcaraz-Estrada, Erin Donohue Reichert, and Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan


Part IV: Herpes Viruses


23. Methods for Screening and Profiling Inhibitors of Herpes Simplex Viruses

            Edwin Yunhao Gong


24. In Vivo Evaluation of Antiviral Efficacy Against Genital Herpes Using Mouse and Guinea Pig Models

            Frances Valencia, Ronald L. Veselenak, and Nigel Bourne


25. A Fluorescence-Based High Throughput Screening Assay for Identifying Human Cytomegalovirus Inhibitors

            Christel Van den Eynde, Ellen Van Damme, Tania Ivens, and Edwin Yunhao Gong


Part V: Respiratory Viruses


26. A Fluorescence-Based High Throughput Antiviral Compound Screening Assay Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus

            Leen Kwanten, Ben De Clerck, and Dirk Roymans


27. Screening and Evaluation of Anti-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Compounds in Cultured Cells

            Anna Lundin, Tomas Bergström, and Edward Trybala


28. Evaluation of Antiviral Efficacy Against Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Using Cotton Rat and Mouse Models

            Joke Van den Berg, Leen Kwanten, and Dirk Roymans


29. In Vivo Evaluation of Antiviral Compounds on Respiratory Syncytial Virus Using a Juvenile Vervet Monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) Infection Model

            Lieselot Houspie, Hans Stevens, Maina Ngotho, Els Keyaerts, Gabriela Ispas, René Verloes, Marc Van Ranst, and Piet Maes


30. Methods to Determine Mechanism of Action of Anti-Influenza Inhibitors

            Angela Luttick, Stephanie Hamilton, and Simon P. Tucker


31. Methods for Evaluation of Antiviral Efficacy Against Influenza Virus Infections in Animal Models

            Donald F. Smee and Dale L. Barnard


Part VI: Alphaviruses


32. Development of a High Throughput Antiviral Assay for Screening Inhibitors of Chikungunya Virus and Generation of Drug-Resistant Mutations in Cultured Cells

            Edwin Yunhao Gong, Jean-François Bonfanti, Tania Ivens, Marijke Van der Auwera, Barbara Van Kerckhove, and Guenter Kraus


33. A Mouse Model of Chikungunya Virus with Utility in Antiviral Studies

            Ashley Dagley and Justin G. Julander

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