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Developing the second edition of Neural Development and Stem Cells was neces- tated by the rapid increase in our knowledge of the development of the nervous system. It has become increasingly clear that stem cells are a heterogeneous population that changes extensively during development. Perhaps the most important advance in our understanding of stem cell behavior has been the realization that regionalization of stem cells occurs early in development and this bias toward differentiation in phe- types of neurons or cells characteristic of a particular part of the brain appears to persist even after prolonged culture. We have therefore included additional chapters on olf- tory epithelial stem cells and retinal stem cells, both of which differ in their properties from ventricular zone and subventricular zone–derived neural stem cells. It is also now clear from an analysis of mutants and transgenics where the death or self-renewal pa- way is altered that cell death regulates stem cell number. As a consequence, this second edition includes a separate chapter on cell death that summarizes the important changes in the death pathway that occur as stem cells mature. The existing chapters in the book have also been extensively revised and updated by experts who have generously c- tributed their time and expertise. The chapters have been organized along the lines of our understanding of how the nervous system develops (Fig. 1, on p. vi).
Content Level »Research
Keywords »Nervous System - behavior - brain - cell - cell death - development - neural stem cells - neurons - stem cells
Defining Neural Stem Cells and Their Role in Normal Development of the Nervous System.- Neural Stem Cells in the Adult Brain.- Cellular and Molecular Properties of Multipotent Neural Stem Cells Throughout Ontogeny.- Multipotent Stem Cells in the Embryonic Nervous System.- Regulation of Neural Stem Cell Death.- Neuronal Progenitor Cells of the Mammalian Neonatal Anterior Subventricular Zone.- Glial Restricted Precursors.- PNS Precursor Cells in Development and Cancer.- Stem Cells of the Adult Olfactory Epithelium.- Retinal Stem Cells.- Transdifferentiation in the Nervous System.- Neural Progenitor Cells of the Adult Human Brain.- Embryonic Stem Cells and Neurogenesis.- Mobilization of Neural Precursors in the Adult Central Nervous System.- Neural Stem Cells and Transplant Therapy.