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Biomedical Sciences | Annals of Biomedical Engineering

Annals of Biomedical Engineering

Annals of Biomedical Engineering

The Journal of the Biomedical Engineering Society

Editor-in-Chief: Kyriacos A. Athanasiou

ISSN: 0090-6964 (print version)
ISSN: 1573-9686 (electronic version)

Journal no. 10439

Instructions for Authors

Annals of Biomedical Engineering

Manuscript Size and Format 

Manuscripts that do not meet our author guidelines will be rejected without review.
Manuscripts that report original research must NOT exceed 6,000 words, including references, but not tables and figures. The manuscript must have 1” margins and written in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. Authors should limit figures to a manageable number (no more than 8 Figures).
Authors may consider publishing additional illustrations as Electronic Supplementary Material. Rare exceptions to these guidelines will be made at the editor’s discretion. Figures and tables may be incorporated into the body of the text or included at the end of the text, after the references. If at the end of the text, please make sure they appear sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text, and indicate approximate placement in the text. Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. Each original manuscript must have the following sections only: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), References.
Please use the indicated subheading titles and not other titles.
Each section should be clearly labeled. Pages must be arranged, and labeled, as follows:
1. Title page
2. Abstract and key terms
3. Introduction
4. Materials and Methods
5. Results
6. Discussion
7. Acknowledgments
8. References
Review manuscripts may be longer, but no more than 8,000 words, excluding references, and they do not need to include the same section labels.
The text should be clear and concise, conforming to accepted standards of English. As indicated, unless manuscripts follow these guidelines, they will be rejected without review.

References and Citation Format  

References are limited to pertinent published works or papers that have been accepted for publication. Usually this is achieved with fewer than 30 references. An abstract may be cited only when it is the sole source.
References should be typed separately, double−spaced, arranged alphabetically by author, and numbered serially, with only one reference per number. The number appropriate to each reference should be superscripted at the proper point in the text. The formats are:
Journal articles. Last name of first author, followed by initials, initials and last names of each coauthor; title of article (first word only capitalized); name of journal (abbreviated as in Serial Sources for the BIOSIS Data Base, published by BioSciences Information Service), volume, inclusive pages, and year.
Example: 1. Haselton, F. R., R. E. Parker, R. J. Roselli, and T. R. Harris. Analysis of lung multiple indicator data with an effective diffusivity model of capillary exchange. J. Appl. Physiol. 57:98−109, 1984.
Book references. Author(s) as above; title of book (main words capitalized); city of publication; publisher; year and pages, e.g.,: Thompson, D. A. W. On Growth and Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961, 346 pp.
For chapter in an edited book: Glass, L. and A. Shrier. "Low dimensional chaos in the heart." In: Theory of Heart: Biomechanics, Biophysics, and Nonlinear Dynamics of Cardiac Function , edited by L. Glass, P. Hunter, and A. McCulloch. New York: Springer−Verlag, 1991, pp. 289−−312.
For full author instructions, please click on the links below:
Manuscript Size and Format
Suggesting Reviewers and Associate Editor
Submission
Research Articles
Revisions
References and Citation Format
Figures
Submission of Electronic Figures, General
Submission of Scanned Figures
Tables
Mathematical Formulas and Equations
Review Articles
Letters to the Editor
Auxiliary Materials
Unique Materials, Data and Computer Code
Experimental Procedures
Copyright
Permissions
Proofs
Reprints
Springer Open Choice
Examples of Areas of Interest
Guiding Principles for Research
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Manuscripts that do not meet our author guidelines will be rejected without review.
Manuscripts that report original research must NOT exceed 6,000 words, including references, but not tables and figures. The manuscript must have 1” margins and written in 12-point Arial or Calibri font. Authors should limit figures to a manageable number (no more than 8 Figures).
Authors may consider publishing additional illustrations as Electronic Supplementary Material. Rare exceptions to these guidelines will be made at the editor’s discretion. Figures and tables may be incorporated into the body of the text or included at the end of the text, after the references. If at the end of the text, please make sure they appear sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text, and indicate approximate placement in the text. Pages should be numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. Each original manuscript must have the following sections only: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), References.
Please use the indicated subheading titles and not other titles.
Each section should be clearly labeled. Pages must be arranged, and labeled, as follows:
1. Title page
2. Abstract and key terms
3. Introduction
4. Materials and Methods
5. Results
6. Discussion
7. Acknowledgments
8. References
Review manuscripts may be longer, but no more than 8,000 words, excluding references, and they do not need to include the same section labels.
The text should be clear and concise, conforming to accepted standards of English. As indicated, unless manuscripts follow these guidelines, they will be rejected without review.
  • Title:
    The title should be informative. It should contain no unnecessary words and should not exceed 116 characters including spaces between words. The title page should have the title of the article, author(s), department and institution in which the work was done with address, an abbreviated title for the running head (not exceeding 55 characters including spaces between words), name and address for correspondence, and a contact telephone number, FAX number, and email.
  • Abstract:
    A one−paragraph abstract of not more than 200 words must accompany each manuscript. It should state concisely the reason for the study, what was done, what was found, what was concluded, and the relevance.
  • Key Terms:
    After the abstract, list three to ten terms not included in the title.
  • Abbreviations, symbols, and terminology:
    Include in the manuscript a list of new or special abbreviations used in the paper, with spelled−out form or definition. Frequently used abbreviations need only be defined at first mention. For commonly accepted abbreviations, word usage, symbols, etc., authors are referred to the CBE Style Manual (sixth edition, 1994). Chemical and biochemical terms and abbreviations should be in accordance with the recommendations of the IUPAC−IUB Combined Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature. Isotope specification should conform to the IUPAC system.
  • Glossary of terms:
    When only a few symbols and terms are used, define each one when it is first introduced.
    The definition should include:
    1) the symbol (Roman or Greek),
    2) its name,
    3) a definition in words, and
    4) units.
  • Units:
    Authors should use the International System of Units (SI) except where common usage contradicts. Authors may follow the SI units with the equivalent value in common units (usually c.g.s. system) in parentheses. Units with more than two components should be written without slashes or dots, using superscripts, as in ml g −1 s −1 for flow per gram of tissue. Units such as ml/g/s are unacceptable.
  • Spelling:
    Follow Webster's Third New International Dictionary for spelling, compounding, and word division.
  • Drugs, Chemicals, and Trade Names:
    Proprietary (trademarked) names should be capitalized. Check spelling. The chemical or generic name should precede the trade name or abbreviation the first time it appears.
  • Footnotes:
    Avoid footnotes. Use parenthetic statements in the text instead.
  • Acknowledgments:
    At the end of the article one or more statements should specify
    (a) contributions that do not justify authorship;
    (b) technical help;
    (c) financial and material support, specifying the nature of the support;
    (d) financial relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.
Manuscripts should meet the requirements outlined above to avoid delay in review and publication. With the exception of the style and ordering of the references, these style requirements match the "Uniform Requirements" published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (Ann. Intern. Med. 126:36−−47, 1997). An online version of the "Uniform Requirements" can be viewed at the end of the chapter.
ABME discourages submissions of routine computational simulations that produce easily anticipated results, lack experimental validation, or represent incremental advancements of understanding.
Papers must be submitted via upload in a word processing format, preferably in Microsoft Word. Authors can submit LaTex manuscripts as is through our online submission process. Our software can accept LaTeX manuscripts, and usually formats them properly when converting them to PDF. Errors that occur in the conversion to PDF will be fixed when the paper is being prepared for publication. However, Microsoft Word files are preferred for upload.
Persons who have contributed intellectually to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution described. For example, "scientific advisor," "critical review of study proposal," "data collection," or "participation in clinical trial" are appropriate. Such persons must have given their permission to be named. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from persons acknowledged by name.
Reviewers and Associate Editor
Authors must suggest at least one (1) Associate Editor to oversee their manuscript, and also suggest at least four (4) potential reviewers. Reviewer suggestions must include email addresses. However, there is no guarantee that the suggested associate editor or reviewers will be used. Authors must also select five (5) classifications for their manuscript. Authors should also add personal classifications if they like.
Submission
Manuscripts are to be submitted on−line at the link below.

Research Articles 

Research manuscripts must be original papers, submitted in English. Language must conform to acceptable English usage and syntax. The contents must be clear, accurate, coherent, and logical. In accepting or rejecting a manuscript, the editors will also consider its originality, teaching value, and validity. Manuscripts are accepted for review with the understanding that the same work has not been and will not be published elsewhere, that all persons listed as authors have given their approval for the submission of the paper and further, that any person cited as a source of personal communications or whose effort is recognized in an acknowledgment has approved such citation. Written authorization may be required at the Editor's discretion. Articles published in the ANNALS represent the opinions of the author(s) and should not be construed to reflect the opinions of the Editor(s) or the Publisher.
Revisions
Manuscripts are considered for up to two revisions only. If a manuscript cannot be accepted after the second revision, it will no longer be considered.
References and Citation Format
References are limited to pertinent published works or papers that have been accepted for publication. Usually this is achieved with fewer than 30 references. An abstract may be cited only when it is the sole source.
References should be typed separately, double−spaced, arranged alphabetically by author, and numbered serially, with only one reference per number. The number appropriate to each reference should be superscripted at the proper point in the text. The formats are:
  • Journal articles. Last name of first author, followed by initials, initials and last names of each coauthor; title of article (first word only capitalized); name of journal (abbreviated as in Serial Sources for the BIOSIS Data Base, published by BioSciences Information Service), volume, inclusive pages, and year.
    Example: 1. Haselton, F. R., R. E. Parker, R. J. Roselli, and T. R. Harris. Analysis of lung multiple indicator data with an effective diffusivity model of capillary exchange. J. Appl. Physiol. 57:98−109, 1984.
  • Book references. Author(s) as above; title of book (main words capitalized); city of publication; publisher; year and pages, e.g., Thompson, D. A. W. On Growth and Form.
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961, 346 pp.
    For chapter in an edited book: Glass, L. and A. Shrier. "Low
    dimensional chaos in the heart." In: Theory of Heart: Biomechanics, Biophysics, and Nonlinear Dynamics of Cardiac Function , edited by L. Glass, P. Hunter, and A. McCulloch. New York: Springer−Verlag, 1991, pp. 289−−312.
References to government technical documents should be included only when their availability is assured. Citations such as "unpublished observations" or "personal communication" should not be included in the reference list but may be added in parentheses in the text. Authors are responsible for obtaining permissions for reproduced material, cited correspondence.

Figures 

Figures published in the journal may be scanned using a digital scanner and integrated with the text of the article to compose completely electronic pages. Please conform with the following guidelines when preparing your illustrations for submission.
Submission of Electronic Figures, General
Authors are requested to supply electronic versions of figures in either Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) or TIFF format. Many other formats, e.g., Proprietary Formats, PiCT (Macintosh) and WMF (Windows), are discouraged and may require hard copy submission.
Figures should be saved in separate files without their captions. Captions should appear with the text of the article. Files should be named according to DOS conventions, e.g., figure1.eps. For vector graphics, EPS is the preferred format. Lines should not be thinner than 0.25pts and in−fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Font−related problems can be avoided by using standard fonts such as Times Roman and Helvetica. For bitmapped graphics, TIFF is the preferred format. The following resolutions are optimal: black−and−white line figures — 1200 dpi; line figures with some gray or colored lines — 600 dpi; photographs — 300 dpi; screen dumps — leave as is.
Submission of Scanned Figures
  • Number figures in the order in which they appear in text. Label illustrations with their number, the name of the first author, and "ABME" on the front of the figure well outside the image area. Indicate the top of the figure.
  • Place only one figure per page. Place separate parts of the same figure on one sheet of paper, spaced 1/4 in. apart and leaving a 2−inch bottom margin. Label all figure parts with (a), (b), etc. Make sure each figure is straight on the page. Photocopies of artwork are not acceptable.
  • Prepare illustrations in the final published size, not over−sized. Figures should be sized for one column width of the journal (3.25 in.) in order to avoid problems arising from large reductions in size during scanning. This is especially important for screened or shaded illustration. Reduction of screened/shaded originals during the digitizing process introduces a Moir pattern.
  • Do not use correction fluid or tape on the illustrations. The scanner is extremely sensitive and reproduces all flaws (e.g., correction fluid, tape, smudges, dust). Do not write on the back of the figure because it will be picked up by the scanner.
  • Ensure a minimum of 8−point type size (2.8 mm high; 1/8 in. high) and 1−point line width with illustrations (a 3−point line width if reduction is required.) Avoid inconsistencies in lettering within individual figures, and from one figure to the next. Lettering and symbols must not be handwritten. Avoid small open symbols that tend to fill in if any reduction is necessary.
  • Author's laser−generated graphics are acceptable only if the lettering and lines are dark enough, and thick enough, to reproduce clearly, especially if reduction is necessary. Remember that fine lines in laser−generated graphics tend to disappear upon reduction.
  • Submit continuous−tone photographs in final published size on white glossy or matte paper. Avoid glossy paper stock that is off−white, ivory, or colored because contrast within the illustration will be lost in reproduction. Print the photograph with more contrast than is desired in the final printed journal page. Avoid dull, textured paper stock, which will cause illustrations to lose contrast and detail when reproduced.
  • All color images submitted will be published in full color in print and online at no extra charge.
  • The approximate position of each figure should be indicated in the manuscript.
Tables
  • Statistical summary tables are acceptable. Tables with many lines of individual values may be submitted as Supplementary Material (see below).
  • Number tables consecutively with Arabic numerals and prepare with the size of the journal page in mind: 3.25 inches wide, single column; 6.75 inches wide, double column
  • Type each table double−spaced on a separate page.
  • Give each table a brief title; explanatory matter should be in footnotes, not in the title.
  • Tables must not duplicate material in text or figures.
  • Omit horizontal and vertical rules when possible.
  • Omit non-significant decimal places in tabular data.
  • Use short or abbreviated column heads and expand in footnotes if necessary.
  • Identify statistical measures of variations, e.g., SD, s.e.m., etc.
  • List table footnotes in the order of their appearance and reference them with the standard symbols (* | ? ) — consecutive superior letters should be used throughout.
  • The approximate position of each table should be indicated in the manuscript.

Mathematical Formulas and Equations 

Mathematical aspects should be addressed to readers who are not mathematicians. The presentation should include the mathematical strategy, the assumptions on which the mathematics are based, and a summary of the meaning of the final mathematical statement and its limitations. Lengthy or complex mathematical developments central to the article may be put in an appendix.
Structural chemical formulas and complicated mathematical equations should be simplified as much as possible and carefully checked. All subscripts, superscripts, Greek letters, and other unusual characters must be clearly identified in penciled notes in the margin where they first appear. Distinguish between 1 (one) and the letter l (el), 0 (zero) and the letter O, Ç and letter x. Use the slant line (/) for simple fractions (a b)/(x y) in the text rather than the built up fraction, which should be used if the equation is offset from the text. Use subscripts or superscripts wherever feasible and appropriate, because they often simplify the equations [RARD instead of RARD or (RA) (RD)]. Use circles for pools in compartmental or flow−type models and whole arrows for interconnections or flows (not arrows with half−heads, as in reversible chemical equations). Do not use nonstandard mathematical notations; e.g., do not use computer symbols in equations (* for multiplication). Use lowercase letters for time−varying symbols in compartmental model equations, preferably q(t) for masses, c(t) for concentrations, with subscripts as needed. Our convention for numerical subscripts for rate constants (k21) is the same as that used in most life sciences but opposite to that currently used in pharmacokinetics, i.e., our kij is the fractional rate of transfer from compartment j to compartment i (or to compartment i from compartment j). Our notation is consistent with standard nomenclature in applied mathematics for matrices and matrix manipulation algorithms in commercial software packages for scientific/mathematical commutations involving matrices. See Glossary of terms (above).

Review Articles 

Submission of review articles is usually by invitation. However, authors who wish to submit a review article should contact the editor.
Letters to the Editor
Letters to the Editor that highlight controversies, ambiguities, or misapplications of theory or method can also be considered. Letters must be typewritten, double−spaced, and include a title. They should be short. Letters are reviewed by the appropriate editor and are subject to editing and possible abridgment. If a letter is found acceptable, a copy will be sent to the author of the article under discussion. The author will have an opportunity to respond with material that will be also considered for publication.
Auxiliary Materials
The Editor, after acceptance, may recommend that auxiliary material containing important data too extensive to publish be deposited with an archival service, such as the National Auxiliary Publications Service in the United States, or otherwise made available by the authors. In that event, an appropriate statement supplied by the authors should be added to the accepted manuscript. Submit such materials for consideration along with the manuscript.
Unique Materials, Data and Computer Code
Work published in the Journal must necessarily be independently verifiable. Authors describing results derived from the use of antibodies, recombinant plasmids and cloned DNAs, mutant cell lines or viruses, and other similarly unique materials are expected to make such materials available to qualified investigators on request. Authors should also submit published nucleic acid/amino acid sequences to a widely accessible data bank.
Authors are encouraged to archive experimental methods of procedure, data, models, detailed derivations of equations, computer algorithms and subroutines.
Computer codes used for special analyses or modeling should be made available to reviewers and readers whenever possible, either through e−mail, via FTP, or other means.
Experimental Procedures
The Society endorses the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki as defined in the "Guiding Principles for Research Involving Animals and Human Beings."

Copyright Transfer 

The Journal is copyrighted for the protection of authors and the Society. A copyright transfer form will be sent to the author who submits the manuscript. The transfer form must be completed and returned before the work will be typeset.
Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, they agree to the Springer Open Choice License.

Code of Publication Ethics 

The Biomedical Engineering Society seeks to maintain high standards concerning publication ethics within its professional community and within the broader publishing community. In order to insure adherence to these standards, authors will be asked to respond to a set of declarations about research conduct and publication preparation at time of submission of an article to a BMES journal. Authors will be asked to indicate that:
- all authors listed have agreed to be named as authors on this manuscript;
- any work (data, text, or theories) of others besides the authors has been properly acknowledged;
- the work is original and not previously published, except possibly as an abstract or conference proceeding and not in full-length form; and that,
- all data are true and accurate to the knowledge of the authors.
If the work involves human subjects, authors will be asked to indicate that the work has been performed with approval by the appropriate ethics review committees related to the institution(s) in which it was performed (e.g. Institutional Review Board, IRB), that the subjects gave informed consent to their inclusion in the study as required, and that the work adheres to the Declaration of Helsinki. In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval, accordance, and consent in the Methods section of the manuscript.
If the work involves vertebrate animals, authors will be asked to indicate that the work was approved by and performed in accordance with guidelines of the institution(s) where it was performed (e.g. Institutional Animal Use and Care Committee, IACUC), and that it adheres to the Guide in the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals established by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (or guidelines that insure equivalent or higher standards of care). In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance appears in the Methods section of the manuscript.
If the work involves human embryonic stem cells, authors will be asked to indicate that the procurement and research has been performed with approval by the appropriate ethical committees (e.g. Embryonic Stem Cell Research Oversight committee, ESCRO) related to the institution(s) in which it was performed, and that it adheres to Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research established by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (or equivalent guidelines regulating use of human embryonic stem cells as required by the government or funding agency supporting research at the institution(s)). In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance in the Methods section of the manuscript.
If the study makes use of cells or tissues obtained by means other than commercial sale, authors will be asked to indicate that they have been obtained by means approved by the appropriate ethical committees (e.g. IRB) related to the institution(s) in which it was performed. In addition, authors will need to include a statement regarding approval and accordance in the Methods section of the manuscript.
Finally, the authors will be asked to declare all conflicts of interest relevant to their manuscript in a Conflict of Interest statement that must appear within the manuscript. In addition, authors will submit a Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest Form with their manuscript at the time of initial submission to the BMES journal.
The Editor reserves the right to retract any published manuscript that is subsequently determined to involve a violation of one of the publication standards set forth above.
BMES Journals Code of Publications Ethics, adopted by BMES October, 2010

Springer Open Choice 

In addition to the normal publication process (whereby an article is submitted to the journal and access to that article is granted to customers who have purchased a subscription), Springer now provides an alternative publishing option:
Springer Open Choice. A Springer Open Choice article receives all the benefits of a regular subscription−based article, but in addition is made available publicly through Springer’s online platform SpringerLink. To publish via Springer Open Choice, upon acceptance please visit the link below to complete the relevant order form and provide the required payment information. Payment must be received in full before publication or articles will publish as regular subscription−model articles. We regret that Springer Open Choice cannot be ordered for published articles.

English Language Editing 

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:
  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.
Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.
If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.

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为便于编辑和评审专家准确评估您稿件中陈述的研究工作,您需要确保您的英语语言质量足以令人理解。如果您需要英文写作方面的帮助,您可以考虑:
● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。
● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。
● 使用专业语言编辑服务,编辑人员会对英语进行润色,以确保您的意思表达清晰,并识别需要您复核的问题。我们的附属机构 Nature Research Editing Service 和合作伙伴 American Journal Experts 即可提供此类服务。
请注意,使用语言编辑服务并非在期刊上发表文章的必要条件,同时也并不意味或保证文章将被选中进行同行评议或被接受。
如果您的稿件被接受,在发表之前,我们的文字编辑会检查您的文稿拼写是否规范以及文体是否正式。

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エディターと査読者があなたの論文を正しく評価するには、使用されている英語の質が十分に高いことが必要とされます。英語での論文執筆に際してサポートが必要な場合には、次のオプションがあります:
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英文校正サービスの利用は、投稿先のジャーナルに掲載されるための条件ではないこと、また論文審査や受理を保証するものではないことに留意してください。
原稿が受理されると、出版前に弊社のコピーエディターがスペルと体裁のチェックを行います。

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영어 원고의 경우, 에디터 및 리뷰어들이 귀하의 원고에 실린 결과물을 정확하게 평가할 수 있도록, 그들이 충분히 이해할 수 있을 만한 수준으로 작성되어야 합니다. 만약 영작문과 관련하여 도움을 받기를 원하신다면 다음의 사항들을 고려하여 주십시오:
• 귀하의 원고의 표현을 명확히 해줄 영어 원어민 동료를 찾아서 리뷰를 의뢰합니다.
• 영어 튜토리얼 페이지에 방문하여 영어로 글을 쓸 때 자주하는 실수들을 확인합니다.
• 리뷰에 대비하여, 원고의 의미를 명확하게 해주고 리뷰에서 요구하는 문제점들을 식별해서 영문 수준을 향상시켜주는 전문 영문 교정 서비스를 이용합니다. Nature Research Editing Service와 American Journal Experts에서 저희와 협약을 통해 서비스를 제공하고 있습니다. Springer 저자들이 본 교정 서비스를 첫 논문 투고를 위해 사용하시는 경우 10%의 할인이 적용되며, 아래의 링크를 통하여 확인이 가능합니다.
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원고가 수락될 경우, 출판 전 저희측 편집자에 의해 원고의 철자 및 문체를 검수하는 과정을 거치게 됩니다.

Conflict of Interest  

When authors submit a manuscript they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work (e.g., consultancies, stock ownership, equity interests, patent-licensing arrangements). The journal abides by the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Information is available at: http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf Authors are required to complete a ICMJE uniform disclosure form (PDF format) on behalf of all authors available at the above web site and submit the disclosure form at the time of article submission.
Published articles must include a separate Conflicts of Interest section to appear before the Acknowledgments that indicates the nature of the conflict, if any. Example Conflict of Interest statements are provided below, but are not exclusive of other statements,
• No benefits in any form have been or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.
• The author(s, provide initials) has/have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript.
• The author(s, provide initials) has/have received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this manuscript. Benefits have been or will be directed to a research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other nonprofit organization with which one or more of the author(s) is/are associated.

EndNote Template 

Please find below a link to an EndNote Template courtesy of Dr. Azadeh Yadollahi, who created it and has generously given permission for anyone who wants to use it.

Research Data Policy 

The journal encourages authors, where possible and applicable, to deposit data that support the findings of their research in a public repository. Authors and editors who do not have a preferred repository should consult Springer Nature’s list of repositories and research data policy.
General repositories - for all types of research data - such as figshare and Dryad may also be used.
Datasets that are assigned digital object identifiers (DOIs) by a data repository may be cited in the reference list. Data citations should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite: authors, title, publisher (repository name), identifier.
Springer Nature provides a research data policy support service for authors and editors, which can be contacted at researchdata@springernature.com.
This service provides advice on research data policy compliance and on finding research data repositories. It is independent of journal, book and conference proceedings editorial offices and does not advise on specific manuscripts.

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    Annals of Biomedical Engineering is an interdisciplinary, international journal which presents original and review articles in the major fields of bioengineering and biomedical engineering.

    A major aim of bioengineering is to provide integrated approaches to the solutions of biological and biomedical problems. The philosophy is to provide engineering approaches to enhance the power of the scientific method, and to maintain a balance between experimental observation and quantitative analyses. While the development of theory and of mathematical models is strongly endorsed, these should be evaluated wherever possible using biological data from experiments that test specific hypotheses.

     

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