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First book to focus on SCD Genes in Lipid Metabolism
This book includes chapters by leading researchers on SCD Genes in the brain, heart, muscle, liver, metabolism, Colitis, and more
Gives an overview of the growth of research on the role of the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) genes in metabolism in different species
James Ntambi has gathered top authors to write about the remarkable growth of research on the role of the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) genes in metabolism in different species including human. The book shows that beginning with simple cellular models of differentiation a broad and comprehensive analysis of the SCD gene family in a number of species and biological systems has been carried out over the course of the last twenty five years. SCD is a central enzyme in lipid metabolism that synthesizes monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) from saturated fatty acid precursors. At first glance, SCD would be considered a housekeeping enzyme because its product oleate is a well-known MUFA that is abundant in many dietary sources and tissue lipids.
A particular highlight in the chapters of the book is that MUFAs may have signaling properties that regulate metabolism. For example, a proper ratio of saturated to MUFA contributes to membrane fluidity, and oleate has also been implicated as a mediator of signal transduction, cellular differentiation and metabolic homeostasis. It is also highlighted that SCD-1 repression mediates the metabolic effects of the hormone leptin. Conditional alleles and corresponding tissue-specific knockout mouse models for many of the SCD gene isorfms have provided a wealth of information on not only tissue-specific fatty acid metabolism but also the key transcription factors that regulate SCD expression under a variety of metabolic and genetic backgrounds. The studies described indicate that control of SCD expression occurs via a series of complex signal transduction schemes making SCD one of the most highly studied lipogenic gene families to date.