Institutions, funders, societies and organizations all over the world have adopted OA mandates, requesting their affiliated authors to make their research freely available to all, in order to make sure that publicly funded research is freely accessible to the public.
Some OA mandates focus on either the green or the gold model; others give their authors the possibility to choose between the two routes to make their article open access.
As of August 2013, ROARMAP
, the “Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies” lists over 220 institutional and over 80 funder which have made open access mandatory.
In an interview with Springer, the OA advocate Peter Suber noted that, “the number [of OA mandates] is not only growing, but the growth is accelerating. Funders are charities or philanthropies, and that explains why they grasp the logic of OA. If a research project is worth funding, then its results are worth sharing.”1