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Astronomy - Popular Astronomy | The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd… - Proceedings

The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry: Recent Scientific Results and 2nd Generation Instrumentation

Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 4-8 April 2005

Richichi, A., Delplancke, F., Paresce, F., Chelli, A. (Eds.)

2008, XXIX, 603 p.

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  • Covers technical aspects and recent scientific results of optical and infrared interferometry
  • Presents the proceedings of the ESO workshop The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry
  • Serves as a reference for astronomers working with optical and infrared interferometry
  • Showcases ideas and concepts for the future of interferometry and, in particular, for the second generation of VLTI instrumentation

Long-baseline interferometry has been traditionally regarded as a very technical method with a limited number of applications. At the turn of the millennium, with the introduction of large community-oriented facilities such as the VLTI, we are seeing a transformation into a major astronomical technique, with a corresponding dramatic increase in the number of publications. This book marks this transition, by providing a wide and deep insight into a large number of diverse and compelling results recently obtained by long-baseline interferometers. It also provides an insight into concepts which form the basis of future instruments and further developments in this technique.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » AGN - Astrometry - Exoplanets - Interferometer - Stars - Tracking - VLTI - interferometry

Related subjects » Applied & Technical Physics - Astronomy - Electronics & Electrical Engineering - Popular Astronomy - Signals & Communication

Table of contents 

The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry.- The Power of Optical/IR Interferometry.- The Early Days of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer.- 1988–1993: The Final Definition of the Very Large Telescope Interferometer, its Site and Configuration.- Science: Stars — stellar diameters, limb darkening, flattening, surface structures.- Stellar Diameters: Breaking the Barriers.- Imaging the Effects of Rotation in Altair and Vega.- Rapid Rotation across the HR Diagram with VLTI: Achernar and Altair.- Multi-Wavelength Interferometry of Evolved Stars Using VLTI and VLBA.- Limb Darkening: Getting Warmer.- Cepheid Distances from Interferometry.- The K-Band Intensity Profile of R Leonis Probed by VLTI/VINCI.- Cepheids Observations Using CHARA/FLUOR: ?UMi and ?Cep.- Cepheid Observations with the Sydney University Stellar Interferometer: ?Carinae and ?Doradus.- The Circumstellar Environment of Evolved Stars as seen by VLTI/MIDI.- Science: Stars — circumstellar matter, IR objects.- Evolved Stars: Interferometer Baby Food or Staple Diet?.- Eta Car through the Eyes of Interferometers.- The Ejecta of Eta Carinae: What we have Learned from Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph and the Ultraviolet Echelle Spectrograph.- First AMBER/VLTI Observations of Hot Massive Stars.- Mineralogy of Circumstellar Dust.- First Evidence for a Spatially Resolved Disk Structure around the Herbig Ae Star R CrA.- The Chaotic Winds of AGB Stars: Observation Meets Theory.- Observations of 51 Ophiuchi with MIDI at the VLTI.- Mid-Infrared Spectrally-Dispersed Visibilities of Massive Stars Observed with the MIDI Instrument on the VLTI.- The B[e] Star Hen 3-1191 Resolved with MIDI.- Science: Science: Stars — binaries and multiples.- Binaries: A Main Staple of Interferometry.- Protoplanetary Disks as seen by Interferometry.- Pre-Main Sequence Binaries: The Promise of IR Interferometry.- Observations of Young Stellar Objects with Infrared Interferometry: Recent Results from PTI, KI and IOTA.- FU Orionis - The MIDI Perspective.- VLTI MIDI Observations of the Herbig Ae Star HR 5999.- Disentangling the Wind and the Disk in the Close Surrounding of the Young Stellar Object MWC297 with AMBER/VLTI.- Interferometry of M8E-IR with MIDI - Resolving the Dust Emission.- Observing T Tauri Stars in the Mid-Infrared with MIDI.- Keck Interferometer Observations of the Young Spectroscopic Binary Haro 1-14c.- Preliminary Physical Orbit of the HD 98800 B System.- Science: Stars — Galactic centre, AGNs, astrometry, exo-planets and future targets.- Resolving the Dusty Tori in AGN with the VLT Interferometer.- A New Analysis of MIDI Observations of the Nucleus of NGC 1068.- IRS 3 - The Brightest Compact MIR Source in the Galactic Center.- Scientific Prospects for VLTI in the Galactic Centre: Getting to the Schwarzschild Radius.- Beyond the VLTI.- The Power of Optical and Infrared Interferometry - From Dreams to Reality.- Instrumentation: Concepts for future interferometric fringe tracking.- Multiple Beam Fringe Tracking at VLTI.- Multiple-beam Fringe Tracking for the VLTI.- Instrumentation: 2nd Generation Instrumentation for the VLTI – Proposals.- APerture Synthesis in the MID-Infrared with the VLTI.- VITRUV - Imaging Close Environments of Stars and Galaxies with the VLTI at Milli-Arcsec Resolution.- VIDA: A Direct Spectro-Imager for the VLTI.- UVES-I: Interferometric High-Resolution Spectroscopy.- VEGA: A Visible Spectrograph and Polarimeter for the VLTI.- BOBCAT - A Photon-efficient Multi-way Combiner for the VLTI.- Near-Infrared Fiber Imager for the VLTI.- GRAVITY: The AO-Assisted, Two-Object Beam-Combiner Instrument for the VLTI.- GENIE: a Ground-Based European Nulling Instrument at ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer.- Instrumentation: Concepts for future interferometric instrumentation.- Multiple Anamorphic Beam Combination.- The Potential of IR-Heterodyne Spectroscopy.- Posters — Science.- Study of the Projection Factor to Break the Frontier of Accuracy in Cepheid Distance Determination.- LMC Cepheids with the VLTI.- Evolutionary Modeling of Nearby Stars Using Asteroseismic and Interferometric Constraints.- Diameter Determinations from VINCI Using Global Calibration Solutions.- Towards the Interferometric Imaging of Red Supergiants.- Interferometric Aperture Synthesis of Altair: Gravity Darkening and Inclination Angle.- Spectroscopic and Interferometric Tests of Stellar Atmosphere Models: UVES and VINCI Measurements of the M-giant ? Cet.- The Equatorial Disk at the Center of the Planetary Nebula CPD-568032.- First MIDI Observations of a Be Star: ? Ara.- Probing the Outer Atmosphere of Mira Variables and the Effects of Chemical Composition on the Mid-Infrared Visibility.- Temporal Variation of the Warm Molecular Layers around the Mira Variable RR Sco Detected with the VLTI/MIDI Instrument.- N-Band Observation of the Silicate Carbon Star IRAS08002-3803 (Hen 38) with VLTI/MIDI.- Preparing Observations of ?1 Gruis Dust Shell with the VLTI/AMBER.- Interferometric Observations of the Mira Star o Ceti with the VLTI/VINCI Instrument in the Near-Infrared.- High-Resolution Near-Infrared Speckle Interferometry and Radiative Transfer Modeling of the OH/IR Star OH 104.9+2.4.- Mid-Infrared Long-Baseline Interferometry of the Symbiotic Mira Star RX Pup with the VLTI/MIDI Instrument.- High-Resolution Near-Infrared Speckle Interferometry and Radiative Transfer Modeling of the OH/IR Star OH 26.5+0.6.- Near-Infrared Keck Interferometer and IOTA Closure Phase Observations of Wolf-Rayet stars.- The Shape of the Inner Rim in Proto-Planetary Disks.- Dust and Winds from Evolved Stars.- VV CrA - The Dusty Environment of an Infrared Companion.- GENIE: High-Resolution Study of Debris Disks.- Circumstellar Structures around Herbig AeBe Stars: A Direct Interferometric Insight.- Observations of Circumstellar Disks.- Fundamental Parameters of Delta Velorum, a Quintuple Stellar System.- VLTI/MIDI Measurements of Extended Mid-Infrared Emission in the Galactic Center.- Impact of High Spectral Resolution on Stellar Interferometry.- Deploying an Antarctic Interferometer.- Direct Detection of Exo-Planets: GQ Lupi.- Antarctic Interferometry: Science Demonstration from the Concordia Station.- Color-Differential Interferometry with AMBER/VLTI. Data Processing and Precision from Early Observations.- The Fourier-Kelvin Stellar Interferometer: A Progress Report and Preliminary Results from our Laboratory Testbed.- The PRIMA Astrometric Planet Search Project.- Scientific Requirements for the Darwin Mission.- Searching for Faint Companions with MIDI Colour Differential Phase Measurements.- Infrared Light Curves and the Detectability of Close-In Extrasolar Giant Planets.- Searching for VLTI Calibrators with the JMMC’s Search Calibrators Tool.- Observation of Asteroids with the VLTI.- Extraterrestrial Search Through Temporal Coherence.- MIA+EWS, the Software for MIDI Data-Reduction.- Understanding Cross Talk on the NPOI Multibeam Combiner.- Posters — Instrumentation.- A Model Experiment for APreS-MIDI.- From the VLBI to the VLTI: An APreS-MIDI Image Reconstruction Study.- A Numerical Simulator for VITRUV.- Multiway Beam Combiners for VITRUV.- A Laboratory Interferometer for VITRUV.- Image Reconstruction with VITRUV.- VITRUV Precursors: IONIC2T/IONIC3T.- First Results on Integrated Optics Developments for Mid-Infrared Interferometry.- APreS-MIDI, a 4 Beam Recombiner.- First Results from SIRIUS, the Interferometric Imaging Demonstrator for VIDA.- The Dispersed Speckles Cophasing System for Direct Imaging with VIDA.- A New Generation of Micropositioning Devices for Optical Fiber with Submicrometric Metrology.

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