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Astronomy | Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics - The Statistics of Nonlinear Processes in the Universe

Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics

The Statistics of Nonlinear Processes in the Universe

Aschwanden, Markus

2011, XIV, 416 p.

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  • Addresses for the first time the subject of "Self-organized criticality" (SOC) in astrophysical systems
  • Identifies self-organized criticality behaviour in many nonlinear dissipative systems in the universe
  • Shows how the overall topic of natural complexity is becoming prevalent in many scientific disciplines
  • Illustrates the relevance of SOC to such sciences as astrophysics, geophysics, biophysics and ecophysics
The concept of ‘self-organized criticality’ (SOC) has been applied to a variety of problems, ranging from population growth and traffic jams to earthquakes, landslides and forest fires. The technique is now being applied to a wide range of phenomena in astrophysics, such as planetary magnetospheres, solar flares, cataclysmic variable stars, accretion disks, black holes and gamma-ray bursts, and also to phenomena in galactic physics and cosmology. Self-organized Criticality in Astrophysics introduces the concept of SOC and shows that, due to its universality and ubiquity, it is a law of nature. The theoretical framework and specific physical models are described, together with a range of applications in various aspects of astrophyics. The mathematical techniques, including the statistics of random processes, time series analysis, time scale and waiting time distributions, are presented and the results are applied to specific observations of astrophysical phenomena.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Nonlinear processes - Self-organization in Cosmology - Self-organized criticality - Self-organized criticality in Accretion disks - Solar flares - Stellar flares - self-organization in plasmas

Related subjects » Astronomy - Complexity - Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Sciences - Geophysics & Geodesy - Physical & Information Science

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