NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), planned for operation in about five years, will have the capability to investigate – and answer – some of the most challenging questions in astronomy. Although motivated and designed to study the very early Universe, the performance of the observatory’s instruments over a very wide wavelength range will allow the world’s scientific community unequaled ability to study cosmic phenomena as diverse as small bodies in the Solar System and the formation of galaxies. As part of preparation to use JWST, a conference was held in Tucson, Arizona in 2007 that brought together astronomers from around the world to discuss the mission, other major facilities that will operate in the coming decade, and major scientific goals for them. This book is a compilation of those presentations by some of the leading researchers from all branches of astronomy. This book also includes a "pre-history" of JWST, describing the lengthy process and some of the key individuals that initiated early work on the concepts that would evolve to become the premier space observatory of the next decade.
The Frontier of Reionization: Theory and Forthcoming Observations, Prof. Avi Loeb (Harvard University); Large Scale Structure in the Next Decade, Prof. Daniel Eisenstein (University of Arizona); Mass Assembly of Galaxies, Dr. Mark Dickinson (Nat'l Optical Astronomy Observatory); Upcoming Observations of the Formation and Evolution of Galaxies, Dr. Alice Shapley (Princeton University); Embedded Clusters, Dark Nebular Cores and the Origin of Stellar Masses, Dr. Charles Lada (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory); Accretion Disks During the Star Formation Phase: Exploring Early Evolution of Gas and Dust with JWST and Other Facilities, Prof. Carsten Dominik (University of Amsterdam); The Intergalactic Medium at High Redshifts, Prof. Steven Furlanetto (Yale University); Most of the Baryons: Where, When, What and How, Prof. Xavier Prochaska (UCO/Lick Observtory); Origin and Evolution of ISM, Xander Tielens (Space Sciences Division); Astrochemistry in Dense, Protostellar Environments, Prof. Ewine Van Dishoeck (Leiden Observatory); Emerging Planetary Systems: Exploring their Diversity with JWST, Michael Meyer (The University of Arizona); Identifying Habitable Exoplanets in the JWST ERA, Prof. Sara Seager (Massachusetts Institute of Technology); Theories for the First Stars and Clusters, Prof. Tom Abel (KIPAC/Stanford University); Observations Constraints of Reionization History in the JWST Era, Xiaohui Fan (University of Arizona); The Co-Evolution of Black Holes and Galaxies, Prof. Timothy Heckman (Johns Hopkins University); Stellar Evolution and Death, Prof. Mike Barlow (UCL); The Future of Brown Dwarf Science with JWST, Dr. Mark Marley (NASA Ames Research Center); The Outer Solar System, Prof. David Jewitt (University of Hawaii); Observing the First Stars and Black Holes, Zoltan Haiman (Columbia University); Star Formation and IMF II: In Extreme Environments, Jean Turner (UCLA)