The Ulysses observations have charted the heliosphere around the minimum in the 11 year cycle of solar activity, revealing the large scale properties of the heliospheric medium and its micro-scale characteristics. This book presents for the first time, a comprehensive review of the results of the Ulysses mission. The first chapter provides an overview of the region, introducing the heliosphere prior to the Ulysses mission, and the objectives and characteristics of the mission itself. Subsequent chapters discuss in detail specific areas of the heliosphere, including the solar wind, large and small scale features, cosmic rays and energetic particles, and the observations of interstellar gas and cosmic dust. Each of these chapters is written by members of the Ulysses science team, concentrating on their own areas of expertise, and is written in a clear and accessible way. In this book, the authors aim to summarise our understanding of the heliosphere near solar minimum and to provide the basis for understanding the more complex state of the heliosphere around solar maximum, which will be observed during the next phase of the Ulysses mission.
1. Introduction.- 2. The solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field in three dimensions.- 3. Corotating and transient structures in the heliosphere.- 4. Microstructure.- 5. Waves and instabilities in the 3-D heliosphere.- 6. Energetic particles in the heliosphere.- 7. Heliospheric and interstellar phenomena revealed from observations of pickup ions.- 8. Cosmic rays at all latitudes in the inner heliosphere.- 9. Interstellar gas and cosmic dust.- Glossary.- Index.