Fundamental Questions in Astrophysics: Guidelines for Future UV Observatories
Gómez de Castro, Ana I., Wamsteker, Willem (Eds.)
Reprinted from Astrophsics and Space Science, Volume 303, Nos. 1-4, 2006
2006, III, 170 p.
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Modern astrophysics is a mature science that has evolved from its early phase of discovery and classification to a physics-oriented discipline focused in finding answers to fundamental problems ranging from cosmology to the origin and diversity of life-sustainable systems in the Universe. For this very reason, progress of modern astrophysics requires the access to the electromagnetic spectrum in the broadest energy range. The Ultraviolet is a fundamental energy domain since it is one of the most powerful tool to study plasmas at temperatures in the 3,000-300,000~K range as well as electronic transitions of the most abundant molecules in the Universe. Moreover, the UV radiation field is a powerful astrochemical and photoionizing agent.
This book describes the fundamental problems in modern astrophysics that cannot progress without easy and wide-spread access to modern UV instrumentation.
Structure and Evolution of White Dwarfs and their Interaction with the Local Interstellar Medium.- Key Problems in Cool-Star Astrophysics.- UV Capabilities to Probe the Formation of Planetary Systems: From the ISM to Planets.- Ultraviolet Studies of Interacting Binaries.- The Need for Ultraviolet to Understand the Chemical Evolution of the Universe, and Cosmology.- Starbursts at Space Ultraviolet Wavelengths.- A View to the Future: Ultraviolet Studies of the Solar System.- Active Galaxies in the UV.- Fundamental Problems in Astrophysics.- Guidelines for Future UV Observatories.- Massive stars in the UV.